CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

G1: Timescales of Change - Chronology of cultural and environmental transformations

Graphic chronology

Schematic representation of the chronology of a transformation in the archaeological record. Time proceeds from left to right (horizontal axis). Vertical axis represents a spatial dimension (e.g. latitude). One phenomenon (triangles) is gradually replaced by another (circles), but there is a region in time/space in which both types occur (light grey shading). Replacement occurs early and relatively abruptly in the south and later and more gradually in the north, but existing dating (horizontal lines) does not reveal this. G1 would assist another CRC project which is already working on several assemblages of the second type (grey circles) to date these precisely, and potentially extend and refine our understanding of the temporality of the transition by dating additional assemblages (black shapes).

The main goal of the Timescales of change is to ensure a consistent application and a high quality of the time-series analyses within the CRC. G1 will identify chronological questions relevant to transformation research and develop tools and concepts for dealing with them. Before linking social transformations to external events, we therefore need to realistically simulate 14C chronologies under different transformation scenarios in order to assess the plausibility of such interpretations.