CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

In Cluster F, the spatial scale reaches from local to trans-regional phenomena, whereas the temporal scale includes different time spans of human exsistence.

Investigations will analyse single archaeological features, involve several archaeological sites and environmental archives. These archives represent different catchment areas and reach transects spanning throughout Europe. The temporal scale can be subdivided and relates to long lasting processes (several human generations), the span of a human lifetime (diseases, nutrition) or to significant events (abrupt climate change or weather extremes).

Each of the five projects will focus on specific spatial and temporal resolutions as preconditions for comparability in the frame of the CRC. In addition to the identification of environmental and cultural transformations, discussions of these phenomena will have to consider that probable effects will depend on the vulnerability and resilience of societies to external and internal disturbances. Main aims of Cluster F include (1) the reconstruction and quantification of the human role on environmental change concerning, e.g., the extraction of resources, the course of diseases, and technological changes during phases of socio-cultural transformation, (2) the reconstruction and quantification of the role of environmental change as a potential driver of cultural transformation and (3) the identification of prime drivers and thresholds and their interpretation within the context of the differential vulnerability and resilience of ecological and socio-cultural systems.

Based on a cross-cutting methodology, Cluster F will provide analyses while taking advantage of comprehensive case studies, as brought together in Clusters B–E regarding differential social contexts at major archaeological transition events. In turn, these individual studies will benefit from crucial information on the general patterns of transformation that will often also be applicable to regional transformation scenarios.