CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

F3: Dynamics of plant economies in ancient societies

To understand the driving factors and components for transformative developments in subsistence regimes and their societal feedbacks, a multi-proxy approach will be applied in project F3 through the integration of quantifiable evidence from archaeobotany, archaeology/material culture and ethnography. In a diachronic perspective and for a geographical transect spanning from the Northern European Plain via East-Central Europe towards the Carpathian Basin, data from botanical macro-remain analyses will be compared with data from the material culture related to food acquisition and agricultural practices and be contrasted with ethnographic data to identify possible typologies of technological change in subsistence economy.

Research Activities 2017

Study transect and collaborations with diachrone case studieStudy transect and collaborations with diachrone case studies (picture: Wiebke Kirleis).


Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Solheim, S., Schülke A., Kirleis, W., 2018. Towards a refined understanding of the use of coastal zones in the Mesolithic: New investigations on human-environment interactions in Telemark, southeastern Norway. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 17, 839-851.

Filipović, D., Meadows, J., Wiethold, J., Jahns, S., Bittmann, F., & Kirleis, W. (2018). Before and after: Millet cultivation and the transformation of prehistoric crop production in northern Germany. Antiquity, 92(365), E3 .

Filatova, S., Gissel, C., Filipović, D., Kirleis, W. 2018. The plant economy at the Bronze Age site of Kakucs-Turján: first archaeobotanical results. In: Jaeger, M., Kulscár, G., Taylor, N., Staniuk, R. (eds.), Kakucs-Turján. A Middle Bronze Age multi-layered fortified settlement in Central Hungary Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa, 18, 175-187. Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn. ISBN 978-3-7749-4149-6