CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

F3: Dynamics of plant economies in ancient societies

To understand the driving factors and components for transformative developments in subsistence regimes and their societal feedbacks, a multi-proxy approach will be applied in project F3 through the integration of quantifiable evidence from archaeobotany, archaeology/material culture and ethnography. In a diachronic perspective and for a geographical transect spanning from the Northern European Plain via East-Central Europe towards the Carpathian Basin, data from botanical macro-remain analyses will be compared with data from the material culture related to food acquisition and agricultural practices and be contrasted with ethnographic data to identify possible typologies of technological change in subsistence economy.

Research Activities 2017

Study transect and collaborations with diachrone case studieStudy transect and collaborations with diachrone case studies (picture: Wiebke Kirleis).


Brozio, J.P., Filipović, D., Schmölcke, U., Kirleis, W., Müller, J., 2018. Mittel- bis jungneolithische Siedlungshinterlassenschaften zwischen 3300–2600 v. Chr. – Der Fundplatz Oldenburg LA 232 im Oldenburger Graben, Ostholstein. Praehistorische Zeitschrift 93 (2), 185–224. DOI  

Brozio, J.P., Müller, J., Furholt, M., Kirleis, W., Dreibrodt, S., Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Weinelt, M., Raese, H., Bock, A.-L., 2019. Monuments and Economies − What drove their Variability in the Middle Holocene Neolithic? The Holocene. Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies. DOI

Capuzzo, G., Zanon, M., Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Barceló, J.A., 2018. Highly diverse Bronze Age population dynamics in Central-Southern Europe and their response to regional climatic patterns. PLoS ONE 13(8):e0200709. PlosOne  

Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Taylor, N., Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Zanon, M., forthcoming 2019How's Life? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE. Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Filatova, S., Gissel, C., Filipović, D.Kirleis, W. 2018. The plant economy at the Bronze Age site of Kakucs-Turján: first archaeobotanical results. In: Jaeger, M., Kulscár, G.,Taylor, N., Staniuk, R. (ed.), Kakucs-Turján. A Middle Bronze Age multi-layered fortified settlement in Central Hungary. Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa 18. Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, 175–187.  ISBN 978-3-7749-4149-6 

Filatova, S., Guylai, F., Kirleis, W.forthcoming 2019. Environmental imposition of ancient farmers’ choice? A study of the presence of “inferior” legumes in the Bronze Age Carpathian Basin (Hungary). In: Dal Corso, M., Kneisel, J., Zanon, M., Wieckowska, M., Kirleis, W. (eds.), How‘s life? Living conditions in Europe in the 2nd and 1st millennium BCE. Leiden: Sidestone Press. 

Filipović, D., Brozio, J.P., Ditchfield, P., Klooß, S., Müller, J., Kirleis, W.2019. Middle-Neolithic agricultural practices in the Oldenburger Graben wetlands, northern Germany: First results of the analysis of arable weeds and stable isotopes. The Holocene. Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies. DOI

Filipović, D., Brozio, J.P., Kaczmarek, J., Müller, J., Kirleis, W.forthcoming 2019. Food transformed? Taphonomical investigation into a potentially symbolic role of crops at two Neolithic settlements in northern Germany. Praehistorische Zeitschrift.

Filipović, D., Meadows, J., Wiethold, J., Jahns, S., Bittmann, F., Kirleis, W.2018. Before and after: millet cultivation and the transformation of prehistoric crop production in northern Germany. Antiquity 92, 1–6. 

Filipović, D., Mewis, F., Saalow, L., Schmidt, J.-P., Kirleis, W., forthcoming 2019. Waste Disposal In The Bronze Age: Plants In Pits At Wismar-Wendorf, Northern Germany. In: Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Taylor, N., Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Zanon, M. (eds.), How's Life? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE. Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Jahns, S., Alsleben, A., Bittmann, F., Brande, A., Christiansen, J., Dannath, Y., Effenberger, H., Giesecke, T., Jäger, K.-D., Kirleis, W., Klooß, S., Kloss, K., Kroll, H., Lange, E., Medović, A., Neef, R., Stika, H.-P., Sudhaus, D., Wiethold, J., Wolters, S., 2018Zur Geschichte der nacheiszeitlichen Umwelt und der Kulturpflanzen im Land Brandenburg. Beiträge zur Archäozoologie und Prähistorischen Anthropologie XI : Tagung Brandenburg an der Havel der Gesellschaft für Archäozoologie und Prähistorische Anthropologie e.V., 10.-14. Oktober 2016. Langenweissbach: Beier & Beran, 9–35. 

Kirleis, W.2018. The cultural significance of plants. In: Haug, A., Käppel, L., Müller, J.  (eds.), Past landscapes: The Dynamics of Interaction between Society, Landscape and Culture. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 169–182. 

Knitter, D., Brozio J.P., Dörfler, W., Duttmann, R., Feeser, I., Hamer, W., Kirleis, W., Müller, J., Nakoinz, O., 2019Transforming Landscapes: Land-use Patterns of Environmental Borderlands. The Holocene. Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies.  DOI

Müller-Scheeßel, N., Cheben, I., Filipović, D., Hukeľová, Z., Furholt, M. forthcoming 2019. The LBK site of Vráble in Southwestern Slovakia: Selected results of the excavation season 2016. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission.

Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Solheim, S., Schülke A., Kirleis, W., 2018. Towards a refined understanding of the use of coastal zones in the Mesolithic: New investigations on human-environment interactions in Telemark, southeastern Norway. Journal of Archaeological Science 17, 839–851. DOI