CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

F1: Supra-regional crises: Abrupt climate change and responses of (multi-cultural) ancient societies in the western Mediterranean area and in Southern Central Europe around 4200 years BP


The aim of project F1 is to disentangle complex socio-environmental processes of transformations in a supra-regional and super-cultural view, and plans to assess the role of abrupt climate change and socio-environmental crises in shaping archaeological transformations exemplarily starting with the 4.2 ka BP event in the western Mediterranean region by a) geological analyses of marine climate archives to reconstruct hydroclimatic changes, i.e. precipitation (¿D of plant wax n-alkanes), seasonal SST (Uk37´, planktonic foraminifera/¿¿18O) and hydrography as quantifiable climate proxies and b) the exploration of archaeological materials that relate to the 4.2 event in the western Mediterranean through compilation and analyses of archaeological and palaeo-ecological data.


Arponen, V.P.J., Dörfler, W., Feeser, I., Grimm, S., Groß, D., Hinz, M., Knitter, D., Müller-Scheesel, N., Ott, K., Ribeiro, A. 2019Environmental determinism and archaeology: Understanding and evaluating determinism in research design. Archaeological Dialogues 26 (1), 1-9. DOI 

Arponen, V.P.J., Grimm, S., Käppel, L., Ott, K., Thalheim, B., Kropp, Y., Kittig, K., Brinkmann, J., Ribeiro, A. 2019. Between natural and human sciences: On the role and character of theory in socio-environmental archeology. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1671-1676. DOI

Brozio, J.P., Müller, J., Furholt, M., Kirleis, W., Dreibrodt, S., Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Weinelt, M., Raese, H., Bock, A.-L. 2019. Monuments and Economies − What drove their Variability in the Middle Holocene Neolithic? The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1558-1571.  DOI

Groß, D., Zander, A., Boethius, A., Dreibrodt, S., Grøn, O., Hansson, A., Jessen, C., Koivisto, S., Larsson, L., Lübke, H., Nilsson, B. 2018. People, lakes and seashores: Studies from the Baltic Sea basin and adjacent areas in the early and Mid-Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 185, 27-40. DOI 

Oflaz, A., Dörfler, W., Weinelt, M. 2019. An Overview of Olive Trees in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Mid-Late Holocene: Selective Exploitation or Established Arboriculture?, in: Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Taylor, N., Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Zanon, M. (eds.). How's Life? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE, Scales of Transformations 04. Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Schirrmacher, J.Weinelt, M., Blanz, T., Andersen, N., Salgueiro, E., Schneider, R. 2019. Multi-decadal atmospheric and marine climate variability in southern Iberia during the mid- to late-Holocene. Clim. Past 15, 617-634. DOI


Dr. phil. Jutta Kneisel

Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology

Graduiertenschule HDL, Leibnizstraße 3, R.135
Phone: +49 431 880-5925

Subproject D3, F1

New Publications