CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Research activities 2020-2024


D3: The Bronze Age in North Central Europe: Scales of transformation


 

Excavation at the Dobbin site in 2020, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

Within the framework of the Collaborative Research Center "Transformation Dimensions" of Kiel University, further investigations were carried out in the area of the Late Bronze Age settlement site in autumn 2020. Of the excavated areas that measure now total 320 m2, trench 1 connects to the excavation in fall of 2019 to the north and to the east. A second trench lies immediately north of another post concentration that was located along the course of the NEL pipeline. In the uppermost planum, the cultural layer was still preserved in some places, although disturbed by modern plough marks. 

In trench 1, the previously partially recorded two-aisled house could be completed on the basis of further post pits (14 x 5 m). In addition, various storage pits were uncovered. In the west of area 1 there was a pit house. It measures about 6 x 3 m in the planum and dates on the basis of the pottery already into the pre-Roman Iron Age (4th-2nd century B.C.). East of it lies a small post ground plan of similar size 3 x 4.5 m of indeterminate date.

Trench 2 mainly contained hearths, which were preserved up to the upper edge due to the good preservation conditions - in one case together with a vessel standing on it. The structure of all hearths was always the same: They consisted of a thick stone packing, which was slightly deepened into the ground. An outer stone circle of about 1 m diameter surrounded them. Pottery, burnt flint, and burnt bone were found in the backfill. The stones showed exposure to fire and the underlying sand was red in colour.

In total, the settlement site shows eight post concentrations with associated storage pit areas. Occasional faint remnants of pit construction in the form of wattle walls could be detected in the trapezoidal storage pits.

Numerous finds came from the cultural layer, among them a small bronze ring (2.3 cm in diameter) as well as pottery, mostly Bronze Age type. Furthermore, tapping stones were recovered, one with an anvil-like shape, flint flakes, and numerous pottery sherds, including many misfired pieces. 

Numerous soil samples were flotated at the site for archaeobotanical analysis, providing sufficient samples for 14C-dates and environmental data.

The excavation was followed with active interest from locals and an open house was very successful despite distance rules.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, out-of-state excavations are difficult. Therefore, the goal is to investigate more areas in Dobbin in 2021 and to prospect other settlement sites in the area. It is planned to investigate the site together with the old pipeline excavation.

Grabungsfläche mit Personen und Pkw im Gegenlicht
Fig. 1. Planum cleaning befor sun rises over trees (Photo J. Kneisel)

Zwei Personen schauen auf ArtefakteFig. 2. Pithouse (Photo: L. Rose)

Mehrere Personen schauen bei der Befeuchtung des Plenums zuFig. 3. Watering against the drought for overview photo with fireplaces. (Photo: L. Rose)

Zwei Grabungsflächen mit Personen im NebelFig. 4. Overview over the excavation. In the foreground trench 1, in the background trench 2. (Photo: J. Kneisel)

Zwei Persone arbeiten auf der GrabungsflächeFig. 5. Sampling. (Photo: J. Kneisel)

Grabungsflächen im Sonnenschein vor dunklem HimmelFig. 6. The site was on the higest elevation between two lakes. (Photo: J. Kneisel)

Zwei Personen sitzen bzw. hocken auf der GrabungsflächeFig. 7. Fireplaces and Postholes. (Photo: J. Kneisel)

Grabungsfläche mit Strommast im HintergrundFig. 8. The last day. Documentation of the cultural layer in profile, running out to the east

Viele Personen stehen um eine Grabungsfläche herumFig. 9. Open day with distance rules and microphone. (Photo: W. Kirleis)

Mehrere Personen stehen am Rande einer GrabungsflächeFig10. The pit house in the interest of the public. (Photo: W. Kirleis)

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