CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation


November 6, 2017

Subproject G2: Geophysical Surveys in Summer 2017

 in-situ resistivity measurements in Stolniceni      GPR measurements in Vráble

Since the middle of August until the beginning of October the subproject G2 ‘Geophysical Prospecting, Classification and Validation of Settlement Remains in Changing Environments’ conducted fieldwork at the sites ofVráble (Slovakia) in cooperation with subproject C2 and Stolniceni (Moldova) as well as Maidanetske (Ukraine) in cooperation with subproject D1. A multi-method approach consisting of the methods electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), ground penetrating radar (GPR), electromagnetic induction measurements (EMI) and magnetics was used to map the archaeological features of the different sites. ERT, GPR and EMI have not only been conducted on the surface but also in open archaeological trenches. Furthermore, in-situ measurements of the electrical resistivity and the magnetic susceptibility have been conducted on the surface, in open archaeological trenches and boreholes in cooperation with subproject F2. The campaigned focused on gathering high-resolution multi-method data of key-targets.

In-situ Widerstandsmessungen in Stolniceni / GPR measurements in Vráble

Text and pictures: Natalie Pickartz

October 23, 2017

Coring campaign: Late glacial sites of the Hamburgian and Ahrensburgian culture in the district of Segeberg

Luftbild Brodersby      

Near the village of Nahe (district Segeberg), a coring campaign of the subproject B1 took place on Tuesday and Wednesday (17th-18th October). The coring site is located in a rich archaeological landscape close to Lateglacial sites attributed to the so-called Hamburgian and Ahrensburgian. The Hamburgian people were pioneers that were the first humans to settle in northern Germany after the retreat of the vast inland glaciers of the last glacial maximum. The Ahrensburgian reindeer hunters mark the end of the Palaeolithic in northern Germany at the transition to the Holocene. With the help of Walter Dörfler (F2) and Jan Weber (E1), a total of 34 m of sediment could be obtained from a former meltwater lake. Those sediment cores showed that in the lower part of this stratigraphy laminated sediments from the Lateglacial were preserved. Previous pre-investigations by Hartmut Usinger during the early 2000s have suggested that sedimentation conditions in the deeper part of the lake sequence were mainly undisturbed and dated to the end of the Pleistocene. These conditions make diverse, high-resolution analyses possible. In the next weeks and months, subprojects B1, E1 and F2 are going to analyse the sediments with different palynological, geological, and geochemical approaches. The numerous analyses will contribute to study human-environmental interactions from various points of view and help answering archaeological questions with natural scientific methods.

Text and pictures: S. Krüger


October 6, 2017

Subproject C1 uncovers Neolithic findings in the wetlands of Brodersby-Schönhagen

Luftbild Brodersby      Grabungssituation Brodersby

After excavating a Neolithic site in Duvensee, subproject C1 proceed with their fieldwork at the eastern coast of Schleswig-Holstein, between Kappeln and Eckernförde. Nowadays surrounded by wetlands, the site Brodersby-Schönhagen was in Neolithic times an island or peninsula. A cultural layer covers the settlement, which is characterised by a high number of finds and several activity areas, such as workplaces for flint production. In the wet areas, bone fragments and bone tools have been found. Currently, the archaeological material includes more than 2000 artefacts. Decorated ceramic shards and flint axes enable to date the settlement of Brodersby-Schönhagen in the transition phase from Middle Neolithic to the Younger Neolithic. To that time, the change from funnel beaker culture to the single-grave culture in the third millennium BC took place. This is a transformation process in Northern Germany and South Scandinavian Neolithic characterized by substantial changes in social organisation which are the focus of subproject C1.

Pictures: J. P. Brozio

September 25, 2017

Excavations of a “mega-site” : Stolniceni 2017

Fieldworks Stolniceni     Zwei Studenten und eine Tasse Kaffee 

In cooperation with the Şcoala Antropologică Superioară in Chişinău, this summer the CRC1266-D1 project was involved in the excavation of another site of the Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture, Stolniceni, in northern Moldova. Similarly to the one of Maidanetske, excavated last year in central Ukraine, this site is an extended settlement of the beginning 4th millennium BCE. In Stolniceni, for a month the Kiel group collaborated with Moldavian, Romanian, Ukrainian and German colleagues of the RGK (Römisch-Germanische Kommission) in Frankfurt in a lively and collaborative working environment. About 500 qm of trenches were excavated, concerning different archaeological features, previously detected by geomagnetic prospection. Besides a kiln for pottery making, a ditch and several refuse pits, domestic structures were under focus. An entire house and some test-trenches including parts of other houses were brought to light, in order to understand the materials in use and the spatial activities in and around the houses. A program of radiocarbon dating was established, aiming at understanding if different structures were in use contemporaneously and therefore help the reconstruction of population density at the site. A previously unknown feature has been excavated too, which was corresponding to a visible anomaly at the border of the site in the geomagnetic plan; its interpretation is in progress.

Besides archaeologists, the Kiel team included different specialists dealing with plant remains, geophysics prospections and geoarchaeology. In addition, a student of the Muthesius Art Academy in Kiel joined the team and published live-impressions from the fieldwork in the Archaeo Lounge. During this month, a visit was paid to the interesting museums in Iasi and to the excavation of the village of Scanteia (excavation by Erlangen University) in Romania. Altogether, the time in Stolniceni was rich of experiences, in contact with the local people and traditions, embedded in a beautiful hilly landscape with pastures.

Pictures: Marta dal Corso

September 13, 2017

Findings in the turf: Excavation in Duvensee

Luftbild Duvensee      Duvensee

The Duvensee Moore in Northern Germany is internationally reknown especially for its mesolithic finds. Still one of the few neolithic settlements of the Single Grave Culture in the Northern German Lowland can be found on an island within this wetland. The settlement dwelling place no. 15 which has already been recorded on a small scale in 1994 is currently beeing surveyed within the CRC project C1. The excavations aim at recording the construction and the spatial extension of the settlement. Up to now, more than 1000 finds have been recorded.

Spatial concentrations of artefacts within the settlement area have the potential to to reconstruct workplaces which suggest by their composition different sections of the chaîn opératoire of flint tools. In addition, a grinding plate and production waste indicate beside the ad hoc production the the manufacturing of bigger devices within the settlement like axes. Despite the many finds we presume a seasonal use of the settlement because of the lack of building structures. Hence the site is part of a category of settlements in the Northern German Lowland which 4500 years ago were frequented deliberately.

Pictures: Katharina Fuchs & Jan Piet Brozio

September 13, 2017

Subproject E3 explores Hellenistic landscapes in Greece

Ascepieion of Kos      Sanctuary of Athena Lidia

Asja Müller, postdoc in subproject E3, is currently touring the Greek islands for the duration of three weeks. She is studying Hellenistic architecture and its landscape embedding. Her project focuses on a new quality of architecture-landscape-interaction that emerged in the Hellenistic age. During that period, interesting geographical sites where intentionally selected and reworked in order to trigger certain reactions of the ancient visitor. Thus, an influencing of architecture and landscape as well as landscape and architecture happened likewise. Sanctuaries, as a certain kind of Hellenistic architecture, have been selected as a particular well-suited case study in order to approach that target.

So far, Asja Müller has visited several archaeological sites on the islands of Thasos, Samothrake, Kos, Rhodos, Kreta, Thera and Paros. Currently, she investigates the Sanctuary of Poseidon and Amphitrite on Tenos. Before her return to Kiel, she will spend some time on Delos and Mykonos to survey local sanctuaries.

Pictures: Asja Müller