CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Fieldwork and excavation: Westlicher Oldenburger Graben

In summer 2016, the excavation of a Neolithic settlement site revealed organic preservation in the Oldenburger Ditch.

Activities Oldenburger Graben
Careful excavation of a 2 m long wooden artefact with revealed tool marks (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

In cooperation with projects F2, F3 und G2, he C1 project started with geophysical prospections, excavations and paleoecological researches on a Neolithic site with wetland preservation in the Western Oldenburger Ditch (Westlicher Oldenburger Graben) in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The landscape of the Oldenburger Ditch changed in time and was used and formed by settlements and burials from Mesolithic to Bronze Age time. The younger Neolithic site which was excavated is located on a peninsula in a former lagoon situation. Peat and organic silt preserved organic artefacts such as wood in the former coastal zone. Furthermore, other special findings are arrow shafts and parts of wooden constructions. On the peninsula, several postholes of houses and settlement pits were documented. Concentrations of flint artefacts refer to activity areas in the settlement tool production. The site is one of several Neolithic settlements on islands, peninsulas and the lagoon periphery of the prehistoric Oldenburger Ditch.

The local newspaper Kieler Nachrichten report on the fieldwork in the Western Oldenburg Ditch:

KN online article

Video with aerial view during the excavation process

Activities Oldenburger Graben Luftbild
The excavation area from bird's eye view. In the background you see the lake “Wesseker See“ and the bay “Hohwachter Bucht” of the Baltic sea (Photo: Kieler Nachrichten).

Activities Oldenburger Graben Messung
In order to select the specific study area, methods of geophysical prospection were applied before the excavation started (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

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