CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

G2: Geophysical prospecting, classification and validation of settlement remains in changing environments

Transformations of socio-environmental interactions are often associated with changes in the construction of settlements and/or ritual sites. The major objectives of sub-project G2 are to apply and refine existing geophysical investigation methods to the key locations of the archaeological sub-projects of the CRC.

 

Sketch working areas
Fig. 1. Sketch illustrating how the different working areas of G2 interact. The two different geometrical forms in A represent two classes of archaeological objects that will be investigated for their shape (A) and then the interior buildup of key targets in terms of geophysical soil parameter distribution will be determined (B). Coring and excavation related geophysics, in other words in-situ estimation of these soil parameters and their corresponding soil types will be determined in D. Resolution of B will be enhanced by feedback resulting in a 3D subsurface model of these objects. The derived data inversion and structural knowledge of the key targets will then be applied to non-excavated targets (E).


Data examples
Fig. 2. Data examples corresponding to the different working steps and approaches sketched in Figure 1. (A): example of a larger scale magnetic prospection; the inset shows a selected pithouse which was further investigated in B-D. (B): example of multiple geophysical methods (GPR, Seismics, Geoelectrics) applied to the pithouse. (C): possible model of the pithouse (left) derived from geophysics (B), coring and excavation (D) (consisting of structural information and physical soil parameters) and an example of a modeled magnetic dataset based on that model (right).

Research activities 2017-2019

Publications:

Corradini, E., Wilken, D., Zanon, M., Groß, D., Lübke, H., Panning, D., Dörfler, W., Rusch, K., Mekking, R., Erkul, E., Pickartz, N., Feeser, I., Rabbel, W. 2020. Reconstructing the palaeoenvironment at the early Mesolithic site of Lake Duvensee: Ground-penetrating radar and geoarchaeology for 3D facies mapping. The Holocene 30 (6), 820-833.

Corradini, E., Wilken, D., Zanon, M., Groß, D., Lübke, H., Panning, D., Rusch, K., Mekking, R., Erkul, E., Pickartz, N., Feeser, I., Rabbel, W. 2019. First 3D reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment at the Mesolithic site of Duvensee, Germany, using geophysics and geoarchaeology, in: Bonsall, J. (ed.). New Global Perspectives on Archaeological Prospection. Oxford:  Archaeopress Publishing Ltd., 51-53.

Groß, D., Piezonka, H., Corradini, E., Schmölcke, U., Zanon, M., Dörfler, W., Dreibrodt, S., Feeser, I., Krüger, S., Lübke, H., Panning, D.Wilken, D. 2019. Adaptations and transformations of hunter-gatherers in forest environments: New archaeological and anthropological insights. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1531-1544. DOI

Kneisel, J., Brinkmann, J., Corradini, E., Erkul, E., Feeser, I., Panning, D., Pickartz, N., Rabbel, W., Schaefer, S., Stümpels, H. 2018. Mang de Bargen bei Bornhöved - Kleine Region, große Fragen. Archäologische Nachrichten aus Schleswig Holstein 2018 (24), 48-56.

Pickartz, N., Hofmann, R., Dreibrodt, S., Rassmann, K., Shatilo, M., Ohlrau, R., Wilken, D.Rabbel, W. 2019. Deciphering archeological contexts from the magnetic map: Determination of daub distribution and mass of Chalcolithic house remains. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1637-1652. DOI

Wilken, D., Rabbel, W., Wunderlich, T., Karle, M. 2019. Improving the lithological significance  of shear wave tomograms through coring and pressure correction, in: Bonsall, J. (ed.). New Global Perspectives on Archaeological Prospection. Oxford: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd., 322-325.

 
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