CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

G1: Timescales of Change - Chronology of cultural and environmental transformations

Graphic chronology
Fig. 1. Schematic representation of the chronology of a transformation in the archaeological record. Time proceeds from left to right (horizontal axis). Vertical axis represents a spatial dimension (e.g. latitude). One phenomenon (triangles) is gradually replaced by another (circles), but there is a region in time/space in which both types occur (light grey shading). Replacement occurs early and relatively abruptly in the south and later and more gradually in the north, but existing dating (horizontal lines) does not reveal this. G1 would assist another CRC project which is already working on several assemblages of the second type (grey circles) to date these precisely, and potentially extend and refine our understanding of the temporality of the transition by dating additional assemblages (black shapes).

The main goal of the Timescales of change is to ensure a consistent application and a high quality of the time-series analyses within the CRC. G1 will identify chronological questions relevant to transformation research and develop tools and concepts for dealing with them. Before linking social transformations to external events, we therefore need to realistically simulate 14C chronologies under different transformation scenarios in order to assess the plausibility of such interpretations.

Research activities 2017-2019


Filipović, D., Meadows, J., Wiethold, J., Jahns, S., Bittmann, F., Kirleis, W. 2018. Before and after: millet cultivation and the transformation of prehistoric crop production in northern Germany. Antiquity 92 (365), 1-6. DOI

Immel, A., Rinne, C., Meadows, J., Barquera, R., Szolek, A., Pierini, F., Susat, J., Böhme, L., Dose, J., Bonczarowska, J., Drummer, C., Fuchs, K., Ellinghaus, D., Kässens, J.C., Furholt, M., Kohlbacher, O., Schade-Lindig, S., Mathieson, I., Franke, A., Krause, J., Müller, J., Lenz, T.L., Nebel, A., Krause-Kyora, B. 2019. Neolithic genomes reveal a distinct ancient HLA allele pool and population transformation in Europe. bioRxiv. DOI

Meadows, J., Müller-Scheeßel, N., Cheben, I., Rose, H., Furholt, M. 2019. Temporal dynamics of Linearbandkeramik houses and settlements, and their implications for detecting the environmental impact of early farming. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1653-1670. DOI

Meadows, J., Rinne, C., Immel, A., Fuchs, K., Krause-Kyora, B., Drummer, C. 2019. High-precision Bayesian chronological modeling on a calibration plateau: the Niedertiefenbach gallery grave. OSFPreprints. DOI

Rose, H.A.Meadows, J., Bjerregaard, M. 2018. High-resolution dating of a medieval multiple grave. Radiocarbon 60 (5), 1547-1559. DOI 

Rose, H. A., Meadows, J., Henriksen, M-B., accepted. Bayesian modeling of wood-age offsets in cremated bone. Radiocarbon.

Rose, H.A.Meadows, J., Palstra, S., Hamann, C., Boudin, M., Huels, M. 2019. Radiocarbon dating cremated bone a case study comparing laboratory methods. Radiocarbon 61 (5), 1581-1591. DOI


Helene Rose

ZBSA, Foundation of the Schleswig-Holstein State Museums at Schloss Gottorf

Subproject G1

New Publications