CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Research activities 2019

The major focus of F3 in 2019 was completing the work on publications and the doctoral thesis, as well as on preparing the proposal for phase 2 of the CRC1266. Several of the CRC1266 publications that came out this year were led by F3 or included collaboration with F3 (e.g. the archaeological case studies). Dragana Filipović prepared F3-contributions for the projects C1 (for two papers), D3 (for the doctoral thesis and a fieldwork report) and C2 (archaeobotany chapter and a contribution to a synthetic chapter in the Vráble site monograph); these publications are upcoming.

This year’s fieldwork took place at the site of Dobbin in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern where the D3 project excavated a Late Bronze Age settlement. Soil samples from pits and postholes were floated in the site’s vicinity, next to the water reservoir in a former peat-cutting area. The field activities will continue in the second phase of the CRC 1266, when the archaeobotanical analysis of the samples will also take place.

Flotation at Dobbin in October 2019
Fig. 1. 

Flotation at Dobbin in October 2019
Fig. 2. 

Abb. 1.-2. Flotation at Dobbin in October 2019 in different weather conditions. (photos: W. Kirleis)

In April, Wiebke Kirleis was invited to the Free University in Berlin, Institute for Prehistoric Archaeology to give a lecture on “Pflanzenökonomie im Wandel: Von den Anfängen des Ackerbaus im nördlichen Zentraleuropa zur Diversifizierung in der jüngeren Bronzezeit“. In May, she was an invited speaker at the Hüde-Conference held in Landesmuseum Hanover on “Stone Age border experience: Neolithic and Mesolithic parallel societies in the north European plain”. She gave a lecture on “Subsistence change: plant economy and Neolithisation”.

The F3 team took part in several international scientific meetings. At the International Open Workshop: Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12,000 Years: The Creation of Landscapes VI, organised in Kiel from the 11th to 16th March, F3 was represented by two oral and two poster presentations:

- Sofia Filatova had a poster entitled: “Defining the nature of a macrobotanical archive: a case-study from the Hungarian Carpathian Basin”.

- Wiebke Kirleis gave a talk on “Linking Bronze Age agricultural innovation with the allocation of land for crop growing in northern Germany”

- Dragana Filipović prepared a poster asking “Were there coinciding changes in agricultural practices and material culture at Middle Neolithic Oldenburg settlements in northern Germany?” and a talk that showed our research “Project Dynamics of plant economies in ancient societies: presentation of the results”.

Additionally, Wiebke Kirleis and Dragana Filipović were co-organisers of the session on the “Territoriality in Europe in the Bronze and Iron Age”. 

At the 18th Conference of the International Workgroup for Palaeoethnobotany (IWGP) in Lecce, Italy, between the 3rd and 8th of June, we presented the following papers: 

- “Ex Oriente seges: the arrival and establishment of broomcorn millet in Europe” authored by Dragana Filipović & Wiebke Kirleis (F3), John Meadows (G1), Marta Dal Corso (D1) and over 30 external co-authors, i.e. colleagues who cooperate on our ‘Millet Dating Programme’ (see our research activities for 2018);

- “Food production in the Bronze Age Danube River region: the case of Kakucs-Turján, Hungary” authored by Sofia Filatova & Wiebke Kirleis (F3);

- and a poster “Tracing the introduction and first dispersal of millet in Ukraine” authored by Marta Dal Corso (D1), Dragana Filipović & Wiebke Kirleis (F3), John Meadows (G1) and external collaborators.

F3 presentation at IWGP
Fig. 3. 

F3 presentation at IWGP
Fig. 4. 

Figs. 3.-4. F3 presentations at IWGP. (photos: SFB1266, Kelly Reed)

In the 20th Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA), held in Dublin between the 25th and 31st July, F3 participated with an oral presentation prepared by Wiebke Kirleis, Dragana Filipović and Stefanie Klooß“ Neolithic arable farming on the SW Baltic coast: insights based on crops, weeds and stable isotopes from Oldenburg sites” and a poster presentation prepared by Dragana Filipović, Stefanie Klooß and Wiebke Kirleis“ Neolithic plant economy in the SW Baltic area – a long-term perspective

F3 organised an international meeting of its own, in collaboration with D1 and G1 – this was the workshop entitled “Millet and what else? The wider context of the adoption of millet cultivation in Europe” that took place in Kiel from the 27-28th November. The workshop marked the closing of the ‘Millet Dating Programme’ and celebrated the large collaborative work of the European archaeobotanical community, while also providing a roadmap for future research and collaborations. Over 20 invited workshop participants – archaeobotanists, archaeological scientists, zooarchaeologists, ethnographers – talked about the dietary, economic and cultural context of the period in which the new crop, broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), was introduced in Europe from regions to the east. They presented new results of the application of the state-of-the-art methods (such as stable isotope and biomolecular analysis) that trace millet consumption and millet meals in archaeological deposits, and discussed the agronomic and technological aspects of millet cultivation.

Millet workshop session
Fig. 5.

Millet workshop session
Fig. 6. 

Millet workshop session
Fig. 7.

Millet workshop session
Fig. 8. 

Millet workshop session
Fig. 9. 

Laboratory tour
Fig. 10.

Figs. 5.-10. Millet workshop sessions and laboratory tour (photo: G. Pashkevich)

Dragana Filipović and Sofia Filatova contributed to the presentation given by Kelly Reed (Oxford University) at the conference on “Prehistoric communities along the Danube” organised by the Archaeological Museum Osijek in Croatia. The talk showed “New insights into the diet and agriculture of Bronze Age communities in the Middle Danube”.

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