CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Research Activities 2018

In its 'exploratory' phase (year 2017), F3-project tested the potential and suitability of different methodological approaches and available arhaeobotanical datasets to address the general SFB1266-theme of transformations at different scales in the past. In 2018, the selected methods were applied on a range of case-study sites and assemblages. In this, multiple collaborations were established both within and beyond SFB-projects that, in 2018, led to the production and collation of a large body of data and to the preparation of multi-authored manuscripts submitted for publication; the results were also presented at several key conferences in Europe and at an invited lecture Link by Dragana Filipović in Vienna.

The dynamics of plant production and consumption in the past was studied at the level of household (case-study Kakucs-Turján), settlement (Vráble in Slovakia; Oldenburg LA232, Oldenburg LA191, Oldenburg LA77 in northern Germany), micro-region (Oldenburger Graben in northern Germany), region (Carpathian Basin) and macro-region/subcontinent (central and northern Europe). The previously collected detailed archaeobotanical data were updated and new primary data produced; they are now all stored in the UFG-Kiel ArboDat database (with the great help of UFG's archaeobotany-technician Tanja Reiser) and represent a basis for future studies. Besides archaeobotanical approaches, F3 expanded its analytical basis to include the study of stable isotope ratios in charred plant remains, in order to better understand growing conditions of plants in the past. Initial results for the site of Oldenburg LA77 were shown on a poster at the 39th Conference of the Association for Environmental Archaeology Link in Aarhus, 29 November-1 December 2018.

Dragana Filipović and Sonja Filatova took part in the XVIII Congress of the International Union of the Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) Link in Paris, 4-9 June 2018, by giving three oral and one poster presentations of the results of SFB cross-disciplinary studies (with projects C1, C2 and F2) in northern Germany Link and eastern Slovakia Link, and of the archaeobotanical investigations within the international archaeological expedition at the site of Kakucs-Turján in Hungary. Link

Charred einkorn grains from the site of Vráble in Slovakia Photo by D. Filipović
Fig. 1. Charred einkorn grains from the site of Vráble in Slovakia. (photo: D. Filipović)

At the 24th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists in Barcelona, 5-8 September 2018, SBF-projects F3 and D2 organised a session (#614) on 'Environment, food production and lifestyle in Bronze Age Europe' that hosted eleven oral and five poster presentations Link. Within the session, F3 project was represented by a talk and two posters showing the evidence of changing aspects of plant-use and food choices at the settlement- and regional scale based on the examples of Kakucs-Turján site and the sites in the southern Carpathian Basin and northern Germany.

Sonja Filatova presented the results of the archaeobotanical research focused on Kakucs-Turján, whilst also looking at the entire Bronze Age macro-plant assemblage from Hungary, at the Jahrestreffen der Arbeitsgruppe Archäobotanik der RTG organised by the University of Cologne in Xanten, 25-27 May 2018 and at the conference Lessons from the past: archaeology, anthropology and the future of food held in Oxford on 23 August 2018. Link

The archaeobotanical analysis at Kakucs-Turján was extended to include wood charcoal (in addition to non-wood macro-plant remains), thanks to the course organised by Dr. Hannes Knapp in Kiel on Praktische Einführung in die Holz- und Holzkohlenanalyse, between 26 February and 2 March 2018 that was attended by Sonja Filatova.

In collaboration with SFB-projects G1 and D1, Dragana Filipović initiated the 'Millet Dating Programme', with the short-term aim of establishing high-resolution chronological frame for the appearance of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) in Europe and for its full inclusion in the agrarian production systems. A long-term goal is to explore how the adoption of this new crop articulated with other aspects of agricultural economy, technological and socio-political developments.

Sites in northern Germany from which broomcorn millet grains were submitted for radiocarbon dating Map by D. Filipović
Fig. 2. Sites in northern Germany from which broomcorn millet grains were submitted for radiocarbon dating. (map: D. Filipović)

Charred grains of broomcorn millet from the Late Bronze Age site of Wismar-Wendorf in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Photo by D. Filipović
Fig. 3. Charred grains of broomcorn millet from the Late Bronze Age site of Wismar-Wendorf in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. (photo: D. Filipović)

As part of the Millet Dating Programme, Wiebke Kirleis and Marta Dal Corso (D1) travelled to Kiev in March 2018 to meet the local archaeobotanist, Galyna Pashkevich, and to sample broomcorn millet remains from her archive at the Natural History Museum in Kiev. Wiebke Kirleis was then invited to participate in the Japanese/Ukrainian workshop Ukraine as the Crossroad for Agricultural Dispersal in Eurasia organised on 30-31 August 2018 at the Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University in Kiev.

Participants of the workshop in Kiev Photo Hiro Nasu
Fig. 4. Participants of the workshop in Kiev. (photo ©: H. Nasu)

Wiebke Kirleis and Sonja Filatova were involved in the organisation of the CRC1266 workshop Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies in March 2018 Link

Throughout the year, cultivation of the ‘ancient crops’ continued at the Archaeologisch-Ökologisches Zentrum Albersdorf (AÖZA; Link).

Harvesting cereals at AÖZA Photo by A. Hoffmann
Harvesting cereals at AÖZA Photo by A. Hoffmann
Fig. 5. and Fig. 6. Harvesting cereals at AÖZA. (photo: A. Hoffmann)

Sonja Filatova participated in a workshop entitled “Writing a successful article“ organised by the Nordic Graduate School in Archaeology Dialogues with the Past and held in Rome, November 28-30.

Participants of the workshop in Rome Photo DialPast
Fig. 7. Participants of the workshop in Rome. (photo © : DialPast)

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