CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

F3: Dynamics of plant economies in ancient societies

To understand the driving factors and components for transformative developments in subsistence regimes and their societal feedbacks, a multi-proxy approach will be applied in project F3 through the integration of quantifiable evidence from archaeobotany, archaeology/material culture and ethnography. In a diachronic perspective and for a geographical transect spanning from the Northern European Plain via East-Central Europe towards the Carpathian Basin, data from botanical macro-remain analyses will be compared with data from the material culture related to food acquisition and agricultural practices and be contrasted with ethnographic data to identify possible typologies of technological change in subsistence economy.

Research activities 2019 
Research activities 2018
Research activities 2017



Study transect and collaborations with diachrone case studieFig. 1. Study transect and collaborations with diachrone case studies. (graphic: W. Kirleis)
Fig. 2. Charred plant remains. (photo: W. Kirleis)
Fig. 3. Experimental working with wheat. (photo: W. Kirleis)


Publications:

Brozio, J.P., Filipovic, D., Schmölcke, U., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. 2019. Mittel- bis jungneolithische Siedlungshinterlassenschaften zwischen 3300–2600 v. Chr. Der Fundplatz Oldenburg LA 232 im Oldenburger Graben, Ostholstein. Praehistorische Zeitschrift 93 (2), 185-224. DOI

Brozio, J.P., Müller, J., Furholt, M., Kirleis, W., Dreibrodt, S., Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Weinelt, M., Raese, H., Bock, A.-L. 2019. Monuments and Economies − What drove their Variability in the Middle Holocene Neolithic? The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1558-1571.  DOI

Capuzzo, G., Zanon, M., Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Barceló, J.A. 2018. Highly diverse Bronze Age population dynamics in Central-Southern Europe and their response to regional climatic patterns. PLoS ONE 13 (8):e0200709. PlosOne 

Dal Corso, M., Hamer, W., Hofmann, R., Ohlrau, R., Shatilo, L., Knitter, D., Dreibrodt, S.,  Saggau, P., Duttmann, R., Feeser, I., Knapp, H.,  Benecke, N., Müller, J., Kirleis, W. 2019Modelling landscape transformation at the Chalcolithic Tripolye mega-site of Maidanetske (Ukraine): Wood demand and availability. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1622-1636. DOI 

Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Taylor, N., Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Zanon, M. (eds.) 2019How's Life? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE, Scales of Transformation in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies 04Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Dal Corso, M., Nicosia, C., Balista, C., Cupitò, M., Longa, E.D., Leonardi, G., Kirleis, W. 2017. Bronze Age crop processing evidence in the phytolith assemblages from the ditch and fen around Fondo Paviani, northern Italy. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 26 (1), 5-24DOI 

Dal Corso, M., Out, W.A.,Ohlrau, R., Hofmann, R., Dreibrodt, S., Videiko, M., Müller, J., Kirleis, W. 2018. Where are the cereals? Contribution of phytolith analysis to the study of subsistence economy at the Trypillia site Maidanetske (ca. 3900-3650 BCE), central Ukraine. Journal of Arid Environment 157, 137-148.
DOI 

Effenberger, H., Nickol, M., Kirleis, W. 2019. Arrhenatherum elatius ssp. bulbosum Revisited – A Practical Approach to Decode Past Plant-related Activities. Environmental Archaeology 68 (4). DOI

Filatova, S., Gissel, C., Filipović, D.Kirleis, W. 2018. The plant economy at the Bronze Age site of Kakucs-Turján: first archaeobotanical results, in: Jaeger, M., Kulscár, G.,Taylor, N., Staniuk, R. (ed.). Kakucs-Turján. A Middle Bronze Age multi-layered fortified settlement in Central Hungary, Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa 18. Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, 175-187.  ISBN 978-3-7749-4149-6

Filatova, S., Guylai, F., Kirleis, W. 2019. Environmental imposition of ancient farmers’ choice? A study of the presence of “inferior” legumes in the Bronze Age Carpathian Basin (Hungary), in: Dal Corso, M., Kneisel, J., Zanon, M., Wieckowska, M., Kirleis, W. (eds.). How‘s life? Living conditions in Europe in the 2nd and 1st millennium BCE, Scales of Transformation in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies 04. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 57-84.

Filipović, D., Brozio, J.P., Ditchfield, P., Klooß, S., Müller, J., Kirleis, W. 2019. Middle-Neolithic agricultural practices in the Oldenburger Graben wetlands, northern Germany: First results of the analysis of arable weeds and stable isotopes. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1587-1595. DOI

Filipović, D., Brozio, J.P., Kaczmarek, J., Müller, J., Kirleis, W.forthcoming 2019. Food transformed? Taphonomical investigation into a potentially symbolic role of crops at two Neolithic settlements in northern Germany. Praehistorische Zeitschrift 94 (1), 31-59. DOI

Filipović, D., Meadows, J., Wiethold, J., Jahns, S., Bittmann, F., Kirleis, W. 2018. Before and after: millet cultivation and the transformation of prehistoric crop production in northern Germany. Antiquity 92 (365), 1-6. DOI

Filipović, D., Mewis, F., Saalow, L., Schmidt, J.-P., Kirleis, W. 2019. Waste Disposal In The Bronze Age: Plants In Pits At Wismar-Wendorf, Northern Germany, in: Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Taylor, N., Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Zanon, M. (eds.). How's Life? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE, Scales of Transformation in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies 04. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 103-130.

Heron, C., Shoda, S., Breu Barcons, A., Czebreszuk, J., Eley, Y., Gorton, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Lucquin, A., Müller, J., Nishida, Y., Son, J.H., Craig, O. 2016. First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels. Scientific Reports 6 (1), 38767. DOI 

Hofmann, R., Müller, J., Shatilo, L., Videiko, M., Ohlrau, R., Rud, V., Burdo, N., Dal Corso, M., Dreibrodt, S., Kirleis, W. 2019. Governing Tripolye: Integrative architecture in Tripolye settlements. PLoS ONE 14 (9): e0222243. DOI

Hofmann, R., Shatilo, M., Ohlrau, R., Dal Corso, M., Dreibrodt, S., Videiko, M., Rassmann, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. 2018. Tripolye – Strategy and Results of an ongoing Ukrainian-European Project. Vita Antiqua 2018 (10), 146-154.

Jahns, S., Alsleben, A., Bittmann, F., Brande, A., Christiansen, J., Dannath, Y., Effenberger, H., Giesecke, T., Jäger, K.-D., Kirleis, W., Klooß, S., Kloss, K., Kroll, H., Lange, E., Medovic, A., Neef, R., Stika, H.-P., Sudhaus, D., Wiethold, J., Wolters, S. 2018. Zur Geschichte der nacheiszeitlichen Umwelt und der Kulturpflanzen im Land Brandenburg, in: Flohr, S., Morgenstern, P. (eds.). Sonderdruck aus: Beiträge zur Archäozoologie und Prähistorischen Anthropologie XI, Tagung Brandenburg an der Havel der Gesellschaft für Archäozoologie und Prähistorische Anthropologie e.V., 10-14 Oktober 2016. Langenweissbach: Beier & Beran, 9-35.   

Kirleis, W. 2018. The cultural significance of plants, in: Haug, A., Käppel, L., Müller, J. (eds.). Past landscapes: The Dynamics of Interaction between Society, Landscape and Culture. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 169-182. 

Kirleis, W. 2019Atlas of Neolithic plant remains from northern central Europe, Advances in Archaeobotany 4. Eelde: Barkhuis publishing. 

Kirleis, W., 2019. Labour organisation between horticulture and agriculture: Two separate worlds?, in: Koch, J.K., Kirleis, W. (eds.). Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, Scales of Transformation in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies 06. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 459-475. Sidestone Press

Kirleis, W., Dal Corso, M. 2016. Trypillian Subsistence Economy: Animal and Plant Exploitation, in: Müller, J., Rassmann, K., Videiko, M. (eds.). Trypillia-Megasites and European Prehistory 4100-3400 BCE, Themes in Contemporary Archaeology 2. London/Ney York: Routledge, 195-206.

Knitter, D., Brozio J.P., Dörfler, W., Duttmann, R., Feeser, I., Hamer, W., Kirleis, W., Müller, J., Nakoinz, O. 2019Transforming Landscapes: Land-use Patterns of Environmental Borderlands. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1572-1586.  DOI

Müller, J., Hofmann, R., Kirleis, W., Dreibrodt S., Ohlrau R., Brandtstätter, L., Dal Corso M., Rassmann, K.,  Burdo, N., Videiko M. 2017Maidanetske. New excavations at a Trypillia mega-site. Майданецьке 2013. Нові Розкопки Великого Трипільського Поселення [English & Ukrainian language], Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa 16. Bonn: Dr. Rudolf: Habelt GmbH.

Müller, J., Kirleis, W. 2019. The concept of socio-environmental transformations in prehistoric and archaic societies in the Holocene: An introduction to the special issue. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1517-1530. DOI

Müller-Scheeßel, N., Cheben, I., Filipović, D., Hukeľová, Z., Furholt, M. 2020. The LBK site of Vráble in Southwestern Slovakia: Selected results of the excavation season 2016. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 97, 83-116.

Ohlrau, R., Dal Corso, M., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. 2016. Living on the Edge? Carrying Capacities of Trypillian Settlements in the Buh-Dnipro Interfluve, in: Müller, J., Rassmann, K., Videiko, K. (eds.). Trypillia-Megasites and European Prehistory: 4100–3400 BCE, Themes in Contemporary Archaeology 2. London/Ney York: Routledge, 207-220.

Wieckowska-Lüth, M., Solheim, S., Schülke A., Kirleis, W. 2018. Towards a refined understanding of the use of coastal zones in the Mesolithic: New investigations on human-environment interactions in Telemark, southeastern Norway. Journal of Archaeological Science 17, 839-851. DOI 

Zanon, M., Unkel, I., Andersen, N., Kirleis, W. 2019. Palaeoenvironmental dynamics at the southern Alpine foothills between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age onset. A multi-proxy study from Bande di Cavriana (Mantua, Italy). Quaternary Science Reviews 221. DOI

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