CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Research Activities 2016-2019

E3’s 2017 work package in the initial phase of the project focussed on collecting the fundamental data for the analysis of the sanctuary contexts, which meant a lot of literature research for Asja Müller, but also included an extensive field trip to study the architectural remains of sanctuaries and their different surrounding landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Among the studied places are some real eye catchers as the sanctuary of Apollon at Delphi, Greece (Fig. 1) and the sanctuary of Zeus in Labraunda, Turkey (Fig. 2), that give a clear impression of the importance of landscape for the architectural layout and the perception of the sacred places.

CRC1266 Italien
Fig. 1. The theatre and the temple of Apollon in the sanctuary of Delphi, in front of the Mount Parnassus (left) and the Valley of the Xeropotamos beneath it (right). (photo: A. Müller)

CRC1266 antike Stadtmauer Italien Labraunda
Fig. 2. Labraunda, panorama with view to the temple terrace (upper terrace, far left), the middle terrace (central) and the propylon area below (far right). (photo: A. Müller)

Activities and Highlights 2018

In addition to daily life research tasks E3’s 2018 work package saw a range of more outstanding activities, cooperation and a personnel turnover:

The sanctuary of Artemis Limnatis: Archaeological and geographical field research in Messene (Messini)/Greece

In August 2018 Stefan Feuser joined the team of the subproject E3 and in cooperation with the Chair of Landscape Ecology and Geoinformatics of our University, the Society of Messenian Archaeological Studies and the Heinrich Schliemann-Institut für Altertumskunde of the University of Rostock conducted a field campaign in the sanctuary of Artemis Limnatis in Messene.

The sanctuary lies in a prominent spur location on the slope of Mount Ithome above the town of Messene (Fig. 3). The campaign documented the peripheral buildings of the complex in drawings and carried out sondages in the area of the building D in order to clarify its dating and use. Additionally a UAV (drone) survey carried out to produce a topographical plan and a large-scale, three-dimensional visualisation of the site and selected buildings (Fig. 4).

Based on the topographical visualizations and the survey of the buildings, the mutual influence of built and natural space in this sanctuary can now be investigated.

CRC1266 antike Stadtmauer Messene Berg Ithome
Fig. 3. The ancient city wall of Messene and Mount Ithome with the position of the sanctuary of Artemis Limnatis (arrow). (photo: T. Keßler)

CRC1266 Geoinformation Drohne Luftbildmessung Landschaftsökologie
Fig. 4. The colleagues from the Chair of Landscape Ecology and Geoinformatics starting their drone for the arial survey. (photo: T. Keßler)

International Colloquium „Hellenistic Architecture and Human Action – A Case of Reciprocal Influence“

From 30 October to 1 November 2018, Annette Haug and Asja Müller held a colloquium in Kiel on "Hellenistic Architecture and Human Action - A Case of Reciprocal Influence" as part of the E3 subproject (Fig. 5). In addition to numerous German-speaking scientists, we also welcomed researchers from Italy, Greece, Sweden and the USA at the Förde: to the program

CRC1266 Kolloquium Hellenistic Architecture and Human Action – A Case of Reciprocal Influence
Fig. 5. Poster

Field studies on Roman Villas and landscape in Italy

After the parting of Asja Müller from the CRC for a new position in Berlin in August 2018, Michael Feige became new the post-doc in the subproject E3 and supplemented a new subject to the project. His research on Roman Villas in late Republican Italy not only extends the project’s spatial and temporal focus but also adds but architecturally related action contexts that offer a suitable comparison to the situation of the Hellenistic Sanctuaries researched by Asja Müller. In November 2018 for the projects data collection, he made a field trip to study the remains of Roman Villas in different Landscape of Italy, most importantly the Gulf of Naples (Fig. 6), the Roman Campagna, and the Tyrrhenian coast (Abb. 7)

CRC1266 Villa Maritima Capo di Sorrento am Golf von Neapel
Fig. 6. Remains of the Villa Marittima at Capo di Sorrento on the Gulf of Naples with the modern city of Naples on the opposite side of the bay. (photo: M. Feige)

CRC1266 Villa des Tiberius bei Sperlonga in Latium Grotte
Fig. 7. So-called Villa of Tiberius near Sperlonga in Latium with the famous grotto and artificial fishponds. (photo: M. Feige)

Research activity 2019

The work of the year 2019 included the research, collection and evaluation of excavation findings of Roman villas on the Gulf of Naples. The focus of the considerations was on the relationship between the sites and the surrounding landscape. In the distribution of the estates, a clear organisational and hierarchical structure in the use of the landscape can be reconstructed (Fig. 8).  The observable pattern is on the one hand connected with the different construction tasks of the villas (agricultural enterprise, extra-urban residence), but on the other hand also with the different social status of the owners (local elites, Roman upper class). The different structural tasks are also reflected in the treatment and use of the landscape as a design element in the architecture of the complexes.

Distribution of excavation sites of Roman villas in the Sarno Valley (selection)
Fig. 8. Distribution of excavation sites of Roman villas in the Sarno Valley (selection). (map: M. Feige)

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