CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

D2: Third millennium transformations of social and economic practices in the German Lower Mountain Range

Network analysis
Fig. 1. Network analysis based on the quantitative occurrence of Corded Ware pottery forms, pottery ornamentation styles, tools, weapons and ornaments. The line thickness represents similarity. (Furholt 2014)

Project D2 explores the transformation of ritual practices, economic patterns and the use of the environment by communities during the 3rd millennium BCE in the area of the German Lower Mountain Range, which is archaeologically connected to the transition to Corded Ware groups. The main question is to what degree the marked changes in ritual practices and material culture are connected to changes in the economy and land-use. This will be mainly explored through analyses of social networks, nutrition, mobility patterns and land-use, using available archived materials, mainly from graves, but with a special focus on the scarce settlement data.


Graphic bone bed
Fig. 2. Gallery grave Niedertiefenbach (Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg, Hessen). Three dimensional representation of the bones documented in ten layers during the excavation of 1961. (graphic: C. Rinne)

Research activities 2016-2019


Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Kneisel, J., Hinz, M., Dreibrodt, S. 2019. Human impact and population dynamics in the Neolithic and Bronze Age: Multi-proxy evidence from north-western Central Europe. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1596-1606. DOI

Fuchs, K., Rinne, C.Drummer, C., Immel, A., Krause-Kyora, B., Nebel, A. 2019. Infectious diseases and Neolithic transformations: Evaluating biological and archaeological proxies in the German loess zone between 5500 and 2500 BCE. The Holocene 29 (10). Fuchs, K., Kirleis, W., Müller, J. (Guest eds.) Special Issue: Scales of Transformation – Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies, 1545-1557. DOI

Immel, A., Rinne, C., Meadows, J., Barquera, R., Szolek, A., Pierini, F., Susat, J., Böhme, L., Dose, J., Bonczarowska, J., Drummer, C., Fuchs, K., Ellinghaus, D., Kässens, J.C., Furholt, M., Kohlbacher, O., Schade-Lindig, S., Mathieson, I., Franke, A., Krause, J., Müller, J., Lenz, T.L., Nebel, A., Krause-Kyora, B. 2019. Neolithic genomes reveal a distinct ancient HLA allele pool and population transformation in Europe. bioRxivDOI

Krause-Kyora, B., Susat, J., Key, F., Kühnert, D., Bosse, E., Immel, A., Rinne, C., Kornell, S.-K., Yepes, D., Franzenburg, S., Heyne, H.O., Meier, T., Lösch, S., Meller, H., Friederich, S., Nicklisch, N., Alt, K.W., Schreiber, S., Tholey, A., Herbig, A., Nebel, A., Krause, J. 2018. Neolithic and Medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of Hepatitis B. eLIFE 7, e36666, Genomics and Genomics, Microbiology and infectious disease, Short report May 10, 2018. DOI

Meadows, J., Rinne, C., Immel, A., Fuchs, K., Krause-Kyora, B., Drummer, C. 2019. High-precision Bayesian chronological modeling on a calibration plateau: the Niedertiefenbach gallery grave. OSFPreprintsDOI

Rinne, C. 2017. Ein jungneolithisches Erdwerk aus Südniedersachsen – Der „Kleine Heldenberg“ bei Salzderhelden, Stadt Einbeck, in: Rinne, C., Reinhard, J., Roth Heege, E., Teuber, S. (eds.). Vom Bodenfund zum Buch. Archäologie durch die Zeiten. Festschrift für Andreas Heege, Historische Archäologie Sonderband 1. Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, 63-81.

Rinne, C.Drummer, C., Hamann, C. 2019. Collective and individual burial practices. Changing patterns at the beginning of the third millennium BC: The megalithic grave of Altendorf. Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 21, 75-88. DOI

Rinne, C., Fuchs, K., Muhlack, J., Dörfler, C., Mehl, A., Nutsua, M., Krause-Kyora, B. 2016. Niedertiefenbach. Ein Galeriegrab der spätneolithischen Wartberggruppe südwestlich von Niedertiefenbach (Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg, Hessen). Praehistorische Zeitschrift 91 (2), 284-316. DOI


Dr. Christoph Rinne

Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology

Johanna-Mestorf-Straße 2-6, R.136a
Phone: +49 431 880-3378

Subprojects D2, F1

New Publications