CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Research activities 2020-2024

C1: Neolithic Transformations on the Northern and Central European Plain


Research activities 2020

This year's excavation campaign, carried out in cooperation with the archaeological heritage management in Lower Saxony, was located north of lake Dümmer on the bank of Hunte river. Excavations in the 1930s and 1940s uncovered a large number of sites in the lowland moor region, some of which have already been excavated. These led, for example, to the excavation of a settlement site with houses and a palisade (e.g. at the Hunte 1 site) or enabled the reconstruction of the transition from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic in Northern Germany (e.g. at the Hüde I site).

The site Hunte 4 investigated this year has also been known since the 1940s. In the documentation that has been preserved, the good preservation conditions are particularly emphasised in addition to extensive find material from the period between approx. 2600 and 2200 BCE.

This was the reason for the first test excavations by subproject C1. In addition to the localisation of the site which was identified 80 years ago, a quern stone as well as fragments of further querns which indicate settlement activities on site were found. A discontinuation of the settlement site is probably connected to repeated flooding events.

In addition to taking sediment samples to reconstruct plant production and consumption by subproject F3, subproject F2 also carried out test drilling in the direct surroundings of the site and in nearby fens. The objective of the drilling was to estimate the potential for high-resolution environmental reconstruction by analysing and dating sample material taken from different layers. In connection to this, geophysical investigations by subproject G2 in the area of the site were also carried out in order to reconstruct the relief of the landscape, which is no longer recognisable today, and to discover further potential settlement remains.

Fig.1: The Hunte 4 site, which had been known since the 1940s, was relocated by sondage trenches (Photo J. P. Brozio).

Digitale Dokumentation
Fig.2: Digital documentation of the excavation at the Hunte 4 site in summer 2020 (Photo J. P. Brozio).

Ausgrabung mit Georadar im Hintergrund
Fig. 3.: The excavations at the Hunte 4 site were combined with georadar surveys by the project G2 (Photo J. P. Brozio).

Luftbild Grabungsschnitte
Fig.4: Aerial photograph of the excavation trenches at the Hunte 4 site in summer 2020 (Photo J. P. Brozio).

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