CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Cluster B concentrates on complex foragers experiencing change, where rather similar social starting points can be traced that lead to very different results.

In the Late Pleistocene and the Early Holocene, marked changes of behaviour among human groups are noted. In Northern Europe, the transition from the archaeologically defined phase of the Late Palaeolithic to that of the Mesolithic marks a transition from specialised, highly-mobile big game hunters to broad-spectrum, complex forest hunter-gatherers and semi-sedentary coastal fisher-huntergatherers. These transformations express multiple drastic and threatening challenges to habits and routines of behaviour that are detectable at different scales and affect different components of society and everyday life (e.g. subsistence strategies). Complex hunter-gatherers are low-population communities totally relying on the availability of natural resources, but potentially very flexible in their mobility and coping strategies. The mobility type of these groups can change significantly as shown by the two projects in cluster B.