CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Recently published: Interdisciplinary research on a gallery grave of the Late Neolithic Wartberg (3350-2900 calBC)

Galeriegrab der spätneolithischen Wartberggruppe
Cribra orbitalia, symptoms of increased blood production (haematopoiesis) in the orbital roof of a 3-4 year old child buried in the gallery grave of Niedertiefenbach (Photo: S. Jagiolla).

An interdisciplinary pilot study conducted by scientists from the CAU Kiel, University of Zurich and the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen focused on precise 14C dating of the gallery grave as well as palaeopathological, dental and pathogenic evidence of diseases. Members of the CRC sub-projects D2 and F4 are involved in this study, which has recently been published in the Prähistorische Zeitschrift (in German, with English summary).

Founded by the Graduate School „Human Development in Landscapes“ in the scope of a pilot study for the CRC 1266, the research approach combined established archaeological and palaeopathological methods with new diagnostic tools, such as the application of a CAD/CAM-system measuring dental attrition and the analysis of aDNA using high-frequency sequencing. The project collaboration involved scientists from the Institute for Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, the Institute for Clinical Molecular Biology, the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Parodontology of the CAU Kiel as well as the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen. Contributing CRC members are C. Rinne (D2), B. Krause-Kyora and A. Nebel (both F4).

Rinne, C., Fuchs, K., Muhlack, J., Dörfer, C., Mehl, A., Nutusua, M., Krause-Kyora, B. 2016. Niedertiefenbach. Ein Galeriegrab der spätneolithischen Wartberggruppe südwestlich von Niedertiefenbach (Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg, Hessen). Praehistorische Zeitschrift 91/2, pp. 284–316. ISSN (Online) 1613-0804, ISSN (Print) 0079-4848, DOI: www.degruyter.com

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