CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Publications



April 12, 2017

Recent publication on calibration of a p-ed-xrf device

Geochemical analysis of a Linear Band Pottery house

Recent publication on calibration of the GS p-ed-xrf device exemplified on geochemical analyses of a 7300-year-old Linear Band Pottery house from Slovakia    

The settlement site Vráble -Ve'lke Lehemby is one major research object of subproject C2 investigating early sedentary social agglomeration processes in the Carpathian Basin. In cooperation, subproject F2 on-site and near-site studies focus on the establishment of environmental proxies in order to reconstruct past local living conditions and human activity. In their recently published paper, the CRC researchers present results on comprehensive multi-element analyses of a trench filling from a 7300-year-old Linear Band Pottery house located at Vráble. The paper discuss application, calibration and methodological evaluation of the portable ed-XRF device including the reconstruction of post-depositional processes of the archaeo-sediment-sequence. Considering phosphorus content as a proxy for human occupation and different factors of multiphase soil formation, the results give new insights into the possibilities of exploring geochemical records from archaeological contexts. The calibration of the p-ed-xrf device revealed the high quality of quantitative elemental measurements under standardized measurement conditions according to the supplemented protocol. Contributing CRC 1266 authors are Stefan Dreibrodt (F2), Martin Furholt (C2), Robert Hofmann (D1) and Martin Hinz (F1).

Dreibrodt, S., Furholt, M., Hofmann, R., Hinz, M., Cheben I., P-ed-XRF-geochemical signatures of a 7300 year old Linear Band Pottery house ditch fill at Vráble-Ve'lké Lehemby, Slovakia - House inhabitation and post-depositional processes. Quaternary International, 2017 (in press). DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.03.054



March 07, 2017

New interdisciplinary research on Maidanetske – a key site oft the chalcolithic Trypillia Mega-site phenomena

Maidanetske

IIn European prehistory, population agglomerations of more than 10,000 inhabitants per site are an infrequent phenomenon. The unexpected discovery of the Trypillia mega-sites excavated nearly 50 years ago by Soviet, Ukrainian and Moldavian archaeologists using a multidisciplinary approach, uncovered the remains of more than 2000 houses spread over 250 hectares. More…  



Dec 23, 2016

When millet appeared on the menu of humans: Nature Scientific Reports publication

Map Bruszczewo

In context to the Nature Scientific Reports publication “First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels” (Heron et al. 2016), SFB 1266 co-speaker Wiebke Kirleis and researcher Jutta Kneisel talked about the results molecular analyses of broomcorn millet residues and it’s meaning in the Bronze Age in Middle Europe. The article emerged from a collaboration with Carl Heron, who specialises in Bioarchaeology (head of the Department of Archaeological Science, The British Museum, London) and an international team of scientists from Poland, Britain, Japan, South Korea, the United States of America, and Germany.

For the CRC these results are particularly interesting with regard to changing dietary strategies during the Bronze Age.

Heron identified specific molecular markers for broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in food crusts remains on ceramics found at the settlement site Bruszczewo in Poland. This proves, that millet was already a human foodstuff of the Late Bronze Age and supplemented the increasing diversification taking place during that period in Middle Europe. Transformation processes of dietary strategies and their social dimensions from a diachronic perspective are central issues of the CRC 1266, especially of subproject F3.

Contributing CRC 1266 authors are Johannes Müller, (A1, C1, D1, F5, Z1), Wiebke Kirleis (D1, F3, Z1) and Jutta Kneisel (D3, F1).

Heron, C., Shoda, S., Breu Barcons, A., Czebreszuk, J., Eley, Y., Gorton, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Lucquin, A., Müller, J., Nishida, Y., Son, J., Craig, O.E., First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels. Nature Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 38767 (2016) doi:10.1038/srep38767.



Dec 14, 2016

Interdisciplinary research on a gallery grave of the Late Neolithic Wartberg (3350-2900 calBC)

 3-4 year old child buried in the gallery grave of Niedertiefenbach
An interdisciplinary pilot study conducted by scientists from the CAU Kiel, University of Zurich and the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen focused on precise 14C dating of the gallery grave as well as palaeopathological, dental and pathogenic evidence of diseases. Members of the CRC sub-projects D2 and F4 are involved in this study, which has recently been published in the Prähistorische Zeitschrift (in German, with English summary).

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