CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Fieldworks


12.11.2021

Field survey and magnetometer prospection in Warburg-Menne.

Drei Personen betrachten das Galeriegrab AttelnFig. 1. The small team. Leader and employees of the sub-project in the gallery grave Atteln (Photo: C. Rinne)

In archaeological fieldwork, even the researchers never know what to expect, as Christoph Rinne, Robert Hoffmann and Nadine Schwarck (principal investigator and staff in sub-project D2) recently (Nov. 18th–22nd) discovered once again at the site Warburg-Menne. The site represents an important settlement site of the Late Neolithic (3500-2800 BC) in the German low mountain range region, due to the floor plans of houses previously discovered here. The three excavated houses are characterised by their stone structures in the otherwise stone-free subsoil. This provided the opportunity to discover further house floor plans of similar construction in the immediate vicinity by means of a magnetometer prospection. 

The magnetogram shows individual pits that possibly belong to a younger period. No other comparable house floor plans could be discovered. Nevertheless, the archaeologists were excited about rare finds, such as an adze and a large flint blade. 


29.10.2021

Stormy, rainy, but a great success. Excavation and open day in Dobbertin (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)

Ausgrabungsfläche mit Archäologen und BesuchernFig. 1. Using the excavation dump as a stand, Jutta Kneisel gives interested visitors an insight into the ongoing excavation (Photo: Selina Pohl)

Archaeology offers the opportunity to work a lot in the fresh air. In summer this can be very pleasant, but less so in autumn. During the past weeks, the students led by Jutta Kneisel experienced this during an excavation of the D3project in Dobbertin. Despite the autumn weather and sickness-related absences, the archeologists from Kiel struggled through the soils in Dobbertin and proudly presented their work at the open day on 16th October.

This younger Bronze Age settlement site that has now been excavated for the third time since 2019 by the CRC 1266, is quite special. Most of the known settlement structures in northern Germany of this era consist of a few buildings belonging to a single farmstead. In Dobbertin, however, there is a settlement agglomeration with several houses. To find out about the phases of the settlement, its structure, and function, they excavated a 10 x 10 m trench this year. In the course of this, the excavation team came across two deep storage pits. Among other things, they found burnt clay in these. According to Jutta Kneisel's preliminary impression, the pieces of clay do not come from house structures but seem to represent the remains of casting molds.

The excavation of the pits will continue next year, when the excavation team also plans to record the extent of the entire settlement. For this purpose, many small exploration trenches will be made.

Public interest in the site was very high. The local press, for example, published an article. Furthermore, as in autumn 2020, the local historical society "Kiek in't Land" Below invited the public to an open day. Once again, many interested guests used this opportunity. The students and the excavation director Jutta Kneisel introduced the site to the approximately 50 visitors, explained general aspects of Bronze Age development, and described the excavation methodology. There was also a programme for the younger guests. For them, there was a sherd puzzle, which allowed them to reconstruct a complete vessel from sherds and thus gain an insight into the work of an archaeologist. As it turned out, this puzzle was a lot of fun for the older guests as well.

Studentin erklärt Besuchern die Ausgrabung
Fig. 2. A student in dialogue with a visitor to the excavation (Photo: Selina Pohl).


12.10.2021

“Deep in the jungle….” Core extraction for palynological investigations in the Schweinsberg Moor

Bohrkerngewinnung im MoorFig. 1: On the hunt. Ingo drives the drill core into the ground (Photo: Wiebke Kirleis).

At least that's how it felt when we tried to find our way in the reeds of the Schweinsberg Moor, the largest contiguous stand of reeds in central and northern Hesse. The aim of Wiebke Kirleis, Ingo Feeser and their team was to retrieve sediment cores for paleoenvironmental research. This work, planned by subproject F2, aims at providing new insights into the history of vegetation and land use in the Amöneburg Basin, with a focus on the Neolithic period. This is the time of the Wartberg settlement near Wittelsberg, currently being investigated by sub-project D2. However, suitable geo-archives for environmental history studies, i.e. peat or lake deposits that preserve plant remains such as pollen grains over thousands of years, are rare in this region. Through preliminary work it was known that peats up to 4 metres thick had developed in the northern centre of the Schweineberger Moor nature reserve. At the position we chose, we were able to retrieve two overlapping core sequences, which contained about 3.4m of organic deposit or peat over silty-clayey deposits at the base. Whether peat was also formed during the Neolithic period and thus allows reconstructions of vegetation and land use history of this period, will now be revealed by the pollen analysis. Fingers crossed...

Bohrkern aufgeschnittenFig. 2: An insight into recent soil history. Core B (right) reaches 3.5 metres deep. At the very bottom (bottom right of the image), the silty clay deposits are clearly visible as a light-coloured area (Photo: Ingo Feeser).


06.10.2021

The best things happens unexpectedly. Excavation of a Late Neolithic settlement site in Hesse

Drohnenaufnahme WittelsbergFig. 1: The two cuttings of the 2021 campaign at Wittelsberg (Photo: Robert Hoffmann).

This saying is very familiar to archaeologists, especially to those who are excavating. The excavation conducted by subproject D2 on the Neolithic Wartberg settlement near Wittelsberg under the direction of Christoph Rinne, turned out in many ways different from what was planned and hoped for: no house features and no manageable amount of finds. Instead, 2095 individual finds on the 18 m² investigation area starting from the first planum were found and a complex pit cluster with depths of up to 1.5 m below planum 1. At this depth, the layers are blackish brown, interspersed with charcoal, and have a high silt content. Thus, there is an excellent condition for the preservation of charred plant parts, which were directly looked for on-site by the botany team from project F3 around Wiebke Kirleis and Tanja Reiser. Such a pit cluster is a completely unknown finding for Wartberg and suggests intriguing research results. After five weeks of intensive excavation work with trowel and scraper, the base has been reached for selected features, but the excavation is not completed yet. It will continue in the summer of 2022.

Grube mit Maßstab und Messstangen
Fig 2: One of the unexpectedly deep pits (Photo: Robert Hoffmann).


06.10.2021

Don’t lose your head! Results of the excavation in Vráble.

Drohnenaufnahme VrableFig. 1: Drone image of trenches 29 (bottom), 25 (middle), and 26 (top) in the middle of the campaign. In section 26, the excavation of the outer (left) and inner ditch (right) has already progressed, in section 29 the outer ditch has only been marked (Photo: Till Kühl).

This year's six-week excavation campaign of sub-project C2 in Vráble, south-west Slovakia, under the direction of Prof. Martin Furholt, deepens our knowledge of ritual practices in the settlement context of the Late Linear Pottery Culture (LBK). In Vráble, three huge settlements (ca. 5250-4950 BC) lie near each other. The southwestern settlement was surrounded by a ditch in a developed stage, which is interpreted as a symbolic demarcation from the other settlements.

As in campaigns of the first project phase, we cut this ditch once more. Especially in the entrance areas, we discovered many (five) individuals again. The bodies appear to have been carelessly thrown or dragged into the ditch. All but one of the individuals had their heads removed. In addition, some hands and feet were missing. At least 3 more individuals were documented in the last opened trench 23, but they are still waiting, carefully covered, to be fully exposed.

In the second phase of the project, the focus is on the transition from the Early Neolithic LBK to the Middle Neolithic Lengyel period. Significant changes in social and political structures, environmental use, and spiritual beliefs are associated with this transition. The beginning of this process of change can be grasped in Vráble. Shortly after the end of the occupation of the three settlements, the Linear Pottery phase also ends and the ditch work represents a large-scale, collective effort, as do the later findings of the Lengyel period. In this period of transformation, the handling of the deceased also diversifies, as Vráble impressively demonstrates. The new results whet the appetite for research into precisely this transition, for which further campaigns will follow in the coming years.

Grube mit menschlichen KnochenFig. 2: Drone image of three individuals in the outer ditch of trench 26. Here the only complete individual with a head was discovered (Photo: Till Kühl).


07.09.2021

Things are off to a good start!

The excavation of subproject D2 near Wittelsberg west of Marburg has just started. After two days, half of the investigation area is accessible as a freshly cleaned first planum. In archaeology, of course, cleaning the surface is done with shovel, scraper, and trowel. The relatively small size of the area is tailor-made and aligned over the expected find of a stone-age house. The decision to remove the plough horizon by hand over an area of 6 m x 12 m has paid off too. Besides numerous sherds and flint artifacts, a stone axe was also found. Let's see what the next 4 weeks will bring.

Grabungsfläche mit Personen
Fig. 1. Nose in the dirt, but with eyes full of the splendour of history.

Drei Personen bei der Betrachtung eines SteinbeilsFig. 2. The Stone Age axe as a lucky charm; or at least a portent of happy moments.


06.09.2021

The rediscovery of a path – Excavation of a wooden trackway through a moor in northern Germany

Wooden trackways belong to the oldest known type of paths. In northern Germany they were often built to enable people to cross otherwise difficult-to-traverse terrain, such as moors, without the need for diversions of many kilometres. The water-saturated nature of these moors, often to this day, also enabled the preservation of these wooden paths. Such tracks were built as early as the younger Neolithic, so that different groups could exchange information and goods, or transport livestock. The path sought and subsequently excavated by subproject C1, which is believed to date to ca. 2600 BCE, belongs to a period of prehistory marked by migratory movement.

An international excavation team uncovered a 3m-long section of the trackway and could determine that it was built from alder and birch trunks, laid tightly-packed together on top of lengthwise birch branches. Much of the timber was incredibly well-preserved due to the wet conditions, so that even traces of their shaping with stone axes was visible on them. In addition to the Lower Saxony State Office for the Preservation of Monuments[N1] , the excavation is also being supported by palynology experts Ingo Feeser and Walter Dörfler from subproject F2 and dating specialist Helene Rose from subproject G1. Alongside environmental analyses and absolute dating, with their related method development, climatic reconstruction will also be carried out bases on samples gained from the site.

This outstanding discovery has also caused excitement in the region, with two newspaper articles appearing in the local press:

Press article Diepholzer Kreisblatt PDF

Press article Oldenburgische Volkszeitung PDF

Luftbild einer Ausgrabung
Fig. 1. The timbers of the wooden trackway are carefully excavated. In the aerial photography you can clearly see the timbers of the path laying widthways across several lengthways, supporting timbers that run in the direction of the path. On some birch logs even the bark has been preserved (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

2 Personen an der Grabung beim Befeuchten
Fig. 2. During the excavations the timbers of the wooden trackway were regularly dampened to decelerate degradation processes due to contact with the air (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

2 Personen entnehmen eine Probe
Fig. 3. A sample was taken from next to the trackway for research into the vegetation and environmental surrounding the wooden path 4500 years ago (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio) 


20.08.2021

Time for Counting: Find Processing Campaign at the Large Site of Stolniceni, Moldova 

For approximately two months, the D1 “Population Agglomerations at Tripolye-Cucuteni Mega-sites” subproject is conducting archaeological research in Moldova, at the Cucuteni-Tripolye site of Stolniceni, led by Dr Andreea Terna. The international team reunites members of the CRC 1266, ROOTS Social, Environmental, and Cultural Connectivity in Past Societies, PhD and M.A students from Kiel, Chişinău, Kiev and Odesa. The CRC 1266 developed, in cooperation with the Şcoala Antropologică Superioară (Chişinău) and the Romano-Germanic Commission (Frankfurt/Main), a more extensive field- and excavation program during the previous years. These excavations resulted in fascinating archaeological features, like pottery production areas comprising four kilns and a house, pits associated with various types of houses, a prehistoric pathway and the defensive system of the settlement.

 4 Personen bei der FundbearbeitungFig. 1: Part of the team during the pottery processing (Photo: A. Ţerna)

This year's campaign focuses on processing the impressive collection of finds from the previous excavations: over one ton of pottery, around 2.500 flint objects, over 400 clay miniatures, almost 200 bone tools, and a large assemblage of well-preserved faunal remains. The Kiel specialists of subproject D1 dealing with plant remains to complete the flotation program initiated in the previous years. The new set of data generated by the study of the various categories of finds, together with the information recovered during the excavations and geophysical prospections, will broaden our knowledge of Tripolye megasites on multiple layers, from the spectrum and spatial organization of economic activities to the role of different craft traditions and their interplay with the social and ideological structures of the society. 

Darstellungen auf einem GefäßFig. 2: Zoomorphic depictions on a vessel (Photo: A. Ţerna)

Flotationsprozess mit Eimern am SeeFig. 3: The flotation process (Photo: M. dal Corso) 


16.08.2021

Tripolye after the Megasites – Ukrainian-German Excavations in the micro-region Kryzhopil 2021 

In cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, the CRC 1266 (subproject D1) is currently conducting fieldwork in the Copper Age settlement of Kisnytsia near Kryschopil, Ukraine. Until August, the excavation of differently sized pits located in other parts within the settlement will continue. Some of them have already yielded extensive collections of pottery, bones and tools. Collecting material and data on the economy, environment and also ideology is the aim of the excavations under the direction of Vitalii Rud (Kiev) in cooperation with Archaeologist Robert Hofmann, member of subproject D1. The results help to understand which transformations were relevant during and after the disintegration, i.e. the breakdown of Tripolye megasites.

The small settlement of Kisnytsia belongs to a micro-region where we were able to prove increased settlement activities for the period around the middle of the 4th millennium during surveys in 2017 and 2018. This year's excavations by the international excavation team thus seamlessly follow on from previous investigations.

Archäologische Gruben in KisnytsiaFig. 1: Excellent archives in Kisnytsia are provided by those pits, which were first created for the extraction of building material and later filled with domestic waste (photo: R. Hofmann).

Foto von Funden mit MaßstabFig. 2: In situ situation with bones and bone tools in a pit (photo: R. Hofmann)


15.08.2021

The path is the goal - prospecting and excavation of a bog path in northern Germany

Together with the Lower Saxony Moor and Wetland Archaeology, the SFB (subproject C1) and an international excavation team have been searching for a timber plank path from the 3rd millennium BC in the Aschen Moor since the beginning of August. This path is assumed to be more than 2 km long with a width of 3.3 m to cross the moor from west to east. Such a construction would require a good 21,000 alder trees, corresponding to about 100 ha of alder swamp forest. Since the 19th century, archaeologists have known of such routes, which have been used since the Iron Age. Although moving people or exchanging ideas can be observed at different times, we often recognise them in prehistoric times like a birds-eye view: only indirectly over great distances. Direct path connections, in contrast, are almost impossible to detect. At the same time, the 3rd millennium, in particular, was characterised by the migration of ideas and people. The study of a timber plank path from this period should also provide insights into whether climatic changes did not necessitate new adaptations such as kilometres long paths to cross entire landscapes.

Menschen gehen im Moor mit Arbeitsgeräten
Fig.: 1: To find the way in the impassable moorland, sometimes kilometer-long marches with equipment are necessary (photo J. P. Brozio).

Zwei Menschen arbeiten mit Sondierstange im Moor
Fig. 2: Currently, long transects are being drilled and probing rods are being used to search for possible planks of a path (photo J. P. Brozio).


05.08.2021

Sultana at the start - excavation 2021

The CRC is digging in Wallachia! Together with our project partners in Bucharest, a six-week excavation has been taking place since mid-July. The team of about 50 people is digging in the settlement mound (ca. 4500-4100 BCE) with rich remains of the world's oldest metallurgical societies, the associated burial ground, a large building near the tell and in a Neolithic Boian predecessor settlement. A deep borehole was drilled with the Usinger drill to obtain a pollen and sediment profile in the nearby lake. In the settlement mound itself, we have now identified four settlement horizons and a fortification accumulated over the last 200 years of settlement. We record the collapse of the Copper Age community there when mega-settlements are beginning in Tripolje. The excavation results will undoubtedly contribute to the correlation of the processes between the Balkans and the steppe and improve the social, environmental and technical historical reconstruction of the transformation ca. 4200/4100 BCE.

Interdisciplinary teams from environmental archaeology and geophysics are involved alongside archaeologists. Project partners on-site are the University of Bucharest and various museums, plus the Technical University of Ghent. The excavation team is multilingual (Romanian, German, Italian, English, French, Ukrainian, Russian, Dutch ...), contributing to European commonality.

SeebohrungFig. 1: Drilling on the Sultana Lake for a core (photo: J. Müller)

Grabungsschnitt SultanaFig. 2: Excavation in one trench on the settlement mound Sultana (photo: J. Müller)

Industriestaubsauger Grabung
Fig. 3: Use of industrial vacuum cleaners on the excavation (photo: J. Müller)

Ausgrabung BestattungFig. 4: Excavation of a chalcolithic burial (photo: J. Müller)


03.11.2020

Continued excavation at the Dobbin site autumn 2020, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Zu nebelig zum Messer (Foto: J. Kneisel)
Too foggy to measure (Photo: J. Kneisel)

Despite corona, having packed distance rules and a good hygiene concept in our luggage, the investigations from Spring could be continued in Autumn 2020; this time with a larger team and on a larger area.

The trench from the beginning of the year was extended to the north and east to detect the end of the pit structure in the NW, and to record any possible features east of the house structure. In addition, a 125m2 section was opened in the east, parallel to the investigations of the gas pipeline. In unfortunately sunny weather, which made it considerably more difficult to identify the features, further structures of the settlement were uncovered.

The large pit in the north of the excavated area turned out to be an Iron Age pit house, which was surrounded by at least 6 posts and also had wooden interior structures in the form of stake holes under the floor. It contained typical Iron Age pottery and a spinning whorl. This confirms previous assumptions that the site was a multi-period site.

In the east, the students were able to examine five fireplaces encircled by stones, the original upper edges of which were preserved up to the humus layer. The stone circles were already clearly visible when the humus surface was excavated. Ceramic finds from the excavation prove that originally whole pots, presumably cooking vessels, stood on top of the fireplace. This made it possible to uncover undisturbed working areas in the settlement. The construction of the high-voltage power line in the 1960s and the previous forest cover had preserved the finds for the last 2000-3000 years, undisturbed by ploughing; a stroke of luck for the researchers.

As always, the scientific samples from the settlement were processed directly on site. The archaeologists were accompanied by a 5-woman botany team, who floated the soil samples directly on site and examined them for preserved macro remains. The close cooperation and communication on site made it possible to develop a common sampling strategy.

The open day, organised by the local history association "Kiek in't Land" Below, was very popular. The combination of archaeology and botanical investigations was especially well received by the visitors.

Planum mit großer steinumkränzter Feuerstelle. (Foto: A. Heitmann)

Planum with large stone-encircled fireplace. (Photo: A. Heitmann)

Studierende beim Abtiefen des Grubenhauses (Foto: S. Jagiolla)

Students deepening the pit house (Photo: S. Jagiolla)

Die östliche Grabungsfläche mit den dunkel verfärbten Feuerstellen. (Foto: S. Jagiolla)

The eastern excavation area with the dark coloured fireplaces. (Photo: S. Jagiolla)

Frisch geputztes Planum, wo sind Befunde zu erkennen? (Foto: J. Kneisel)

Freshly cleaned planum, where are the features? (Photo: J. Kneisel

Tag der offen Tür organisiert vom Heimatverein Below (Foto: L. Rose)

Open day organised by the Heimatverein Below (Photo: L. Rose

Der Schlämmplatz (Foto: W. Kirleis)

The flotation area (Photo: W. Kirleis)

Was hält das Sieb bereit? (Foto: W. Kirleis)

What does the sieve hold? (Photo: W. Kirleis)

Feierabend, letzter Tag (Foto: L. Rose)

Last day at the end of work (Photo: L. Rose)


 

September 23, 2020

 

Excavation on the Hunte river near the Dümmer in Lower Saxony 2020

Aerial photograph of the excavation trenches at the Hunte site in summer 2020
Fig.1: Aerial photograph of the excavation trenches at the Hunte site in summer 2020 (Photo J. P. Brozio
)

This year's excavation campaign was carried out in cooperation with the archaeological heritage management in Lower Saxony north of the Dümmer on the bank of the river Hunte. Excavations in the 1930s and 1940s discovered a large number of sites in the lowland moor region, some of which have already been excavated. These led, for example, to the excavation of a settlement site with houses and a palisade, as at the Hunte 1 site, or enabled the reconstruction of the transition from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic in Northern Germany, as at the Hüde I site.

The site investigated this year has also been known since the 1940s. In the documentation that has been preserved, the good preservation conditions are particularly emphasised in addition to extensive find material from the period between approx. 2600 and 2200 BCE.

This was the reason for the first test excavations by subproject C1. In addition to the localisation of the site, which was identified 80 years ago, a quern stone as well as fragments of further querns were found, which indicate settlement activities on site. A discontinuation of the settlement site is probably connected with repeated flooding events.

The excavation at the Hunte site in summer 2020
Fig.2: The excavation at the Hunte site in summer 2020 (Photo J. P. Brozio)

In addition to taking sediment samples to reconstruct plant production and consumption by Subproject F3, Subproject F2 also carried out test drilling in the direct surroundings of the site and in nearby fens. The objective of the drilling was to estimate the potential for high-resolution environmental reconstruction by analysing and dating sample material taken from different layers. In connection with this, geophysical investigations by Subproject G2 in the area of the site were also carried out in order to reconstruct the relief of the landscape, which is no longer recognisable today, and to discover further potential settlement remains.


April 02, 2020

Continued excavation at the Dobbin site 2020, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Planum with large shallow pit in the foreground

The excavation at the Bronze Age site of Dobbin are executed by subproject D3. earlier excavations at Dobbin took place in summer 2019 and autum 2019.

In spring 2020, the previous year's trench was extended to the north and west by 125 m2 to cover the western end of the house area. In changeable weather ranging from rain and hail to storm and sunshine, the house floor plan of the previous year could be completed.

Even on the west side of the house the cultural layer was still preserved up to 20cm and contained many rolled ceramic fragments and flint flakes (Fig.1). A beautifully worked hammer stone was among them. In the area numerous post holes and three silo pits were found (Fig. 2). In one of them the negative imprint of the basketwork had been preserved in the ground (Fig. 3). Interesting was a flat pit of 3.5m width in the west of the area, whose lower part consisted of a 10cm thick charcoal layer (Fig.4).

Georadar measurement by the geophysicists of project G2In addition to the excavation, the neighbouring field could be magnetically investigated and prospected. The aim of the investigation was to locate the centre of the settlement. In addition, the geophysicists of the University of Kiel from subproject G2 examined the archaeologically investigated area with the georadar before the excavation (Fig. 5).

 

Open dayThe Open Day (Fig. 6), organized by the Heimatverein "Kiek in't Land" Below, followed by a lecture (Fig. 7) with coffee, cake and sausages, was very popular.

Fig. 1-5: J. Kneisel; Fig. 6-7: D. Bradke

 

 

Palaeoecological Investigations

Preparing the drillOn 11.3.2020, subproject F2 went to Dobbin for field work in bright sunshine. The aim was to recover a sediment core sequence in the vicinity of the archaeological excavations of the subproject D3. In a nearby lowland area, c. 200m from the excavation area, gouge corings revealed c. 6m thick lake sediment and peat deposits. As these have been accumulating since the end of the last glaciation they offer the possibility of reconstructing the local vegetation and land use history of the Bronze Age settlement by palynological and sedimentological analyses.

Photo: K. Schöps

 


March 18, 2020

Experimental crop cultivation at the Archaeological-Ecological Centre Albersdorf (AÖZA), Dithmarschen

Sowing the spring grain at the Archaeological-Ecological Centre Albersdorf

Before the archaeobotanists from the Institute of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology due to the Corona-crisis were forced to do home office, the annual sowing was quickly completed at the Archaeological-Ecological Centre Albersdorf (AÖZA). With the diligent support of two employees of the Dithmarschen Stone Age Park, Neolithic crops such as einkorn, emmer, naked barley and this year also durum wheat could be sown as summer cereals. The Nordic Bronze Age is additionally represented on the experimental plot with common representatives such as broomcorn millet, the oil-bearing gold of pleasure and the protein-rich broad bean. However, flax and broomcorn millet will not be sown until the end of April. For comparison, the respective crops are grown on a fertilised area and an area without cattle manure. Unfortunately, last year's harvest failed completely due to the strong bite of deer and rabbits. The theme of this year's cultivation is therefore "protection from damage caused by animal feeding". In order to keep the animals out of the area, the AÖZA employees have installed a dense fence with a gate around the cultivation area, made of natural materials such as willow branches, bast and leather. A thread construction above the field, equipped with bones and other noisy objects available in the Neolithic period and serving as a sound installation, is intended to also drive away birds. The new constructions also introduce new aspects to the cultivation: The protection of the plants from wind and possible shading in the marginal areas of the plot. We thank the diligent helpers of the AÖZA team very much for their creative and energetic support!


November 08, 2019

Excavation (D3 project) Dobbin 2019, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

Excavation at Dobbin 2019, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

This year's excavation campaign took place in late autumn in cooperation with the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Office for Culture and Monument Conservation. Despite regular showers and heavy rain, the atmosphere was excellent. The Late Bronze Age site had already been discovered in 2011 during investigations of the gas route and was examined. It lies on a moraine crest between two lakes, of which the north-eastern one is now silted.

Excavation at Dobbin 2019, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
This year, a small cut north of the route brought more than 130 features, mostly post-holes, and 4 silo pits. In the planum a floor plan could be clearly seen, which continues in the old excavation and belongs to at least one house. The culture layer above contained numerous ceramics, but was disturbed by the modern plough. The casting mould found in 2011 was supplemented this year by a fragment of a crucible and documents the local metal production. Fragments of a grindstone, knocking stones and the fragment of a bronze spiral arm bear witness to a well-established settlement. The accumulation of post-holes and small pit areas, rather unusual for this period, speaks for a small hamlet. The excavation team was supplemented by botanists of subproject F3 who examined soil samples for charred grain residues and charcoal. Furthermore, a core for pollen analysis was taken from the silted lake by subproject F2.

Time: October 7th-20th 2019

Excavation at Dobbin 2019, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Figs. 1-3: Excavation at Dobbin 2019 in autumn 2019.


July 29, 2019

D3-fieldcampaign 2019: Excavations at the Bronze Age site Dobin, Germany

SFB1266 Bornhöved Excavations

Photo: Documentation of Postholes from a barrow in 2018 in Bornhöved, Kr. Segeberg. (Photo S. Jagiolla)

The subproject D3 start new archaeological and palaeo-environmental investigations at an already known site in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The site Dobbin, Lkr. Ludwigslust-Parchim was already discovered and partially excavated during a pipeline investigation in 2011. It shows Late Bronze Age material and interesting settlement structures, which suggest a hamlet-like settlement. The aim is to complete the only partly excavated houses in order to better describe the settlement processes to the younger Bronze Age in this region.

With the neighbouring pollen archive of Lake Woserin, it is possible to reconstruct the landscape from the environmental data and compare it with the local settlement history.  How large were their fields and pastures and how dense was the forest? The numerous rubbish pits also promise rich finds, not only for the reconstruction of everyday objects, but also for further botanical analyses, which provide information about subsistence and diet in the Bronze Age. In this second part of the transect, we move from Schleswig-Holstein to the East to better understand the different of settlement and landscape processes during the Bronze Age in Northern Europe and to better understand the transformations in society and the environment.  Prospection and geophysical surveys accompany the investigations on site.

Time: October 7th-20th 2019 and in spring

SFB1266 Bornhöved Grabungsfoto
Photo 2: Excavation Stuff ready for work. (Photo S. Jagiolla)

SFB1266 Bornhöved Grabungsfoto
Photo 3: Visitors inform themselves about the excavations in the year 2018 in Bornhöved, Kr. Segeberg. (Photo S. Jagiolla)


July 17, 2019

Excavations in the mega site Stolnicieni in August 2019!

Ceramic finds from Stolniceni recovered in 2017 (Foto: Sara Jagiolla)

Photo: Ceramic finds from Stolniceni recovered in 2017. (Foto: S. Jagiolla)

This summer the CRC 1266 is carrying out excavations in the large Moldavian settlement of Stolnicieni! The D1 team will excavate together with the Moldavian project partners in an interdisciplinary approach the remains of houses and path systems in the large settlement. Of particular interest are three mighty pits belonging to three houses of different sizes (3950-3700 BCE). We hope that the legacies will provide us with indications of the role played by households of different sizes in the transformation processes of the Late Tripolye period. The excavations take place in August and September.

Time: August and September 2019


 

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