CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

Archive News

 


August 02, 2017

Day of Archaeology “– a window to the daily life of archaeologists

Day of Archaeology

Started off from a student’s twitter conversation in 2011, the event has meanwhile developed to a worldwide project with thousands of archaeologists taking part:"The Day of Archaeology". brings together scientists and employees from different research fields to share their "archaeological day" with the community and interested parties.

"Have you ever wondered what archaeologists really get up to? Is it all just digging or is there a lot more to it? The Day of Archaeology project aims to provide a window into the daily lives of archaeologists from all over the world. The project asks people working, studying or volunteering in the archaeological world to participate with us in a “Day of Archaeology” each year in the summer by recording their day and sharing it through text, images or video on this website.  The resulting Day of Archaeology project demonstrates the wide variety of work our profession undertakes day-to-day across the globe, and helps to raise public awareness of the relevance and importance of archaeology to the modern world. We want anyone with a personal, professional or voluntary interest in archaeology to get involved, and help highlight the reasons why archaeology is vital to protect the past and inform our futures."

This year, the “Day of Archaeology” took part on Friday, 28 July. From the CRC 1266, working days of two researchers are contributing in the event. Sonja Grimm, postdoctoral researcher in subproject B1, describing how she spend her "Day of Archaeology". Daniel Knitter, postdoc in subproject A2, organized the the Summer School "Reproducible Research in (Landscape) Archaeology", in Berlin, in cooperation with the Excellence Cluster TOPOI and colleagues. Julia Koch, who is in charge of equal opportunity measures and gender research in the SFB, reports fromthe wanderlust of being an archaeologist.. Moreover, we have a colleague from the ERC project “DECOR” describing his day in Pompeii.

"The day of Archaeology".



July 26, 2017

Summer School "Reproducible Research in (Landscape) Archeology"

Summer School 2017

A contribution to the science of tomorrow. Short report on the Summer School "Reproducible Research in (Landscape) Archeology"

If you see young adults who get shiny eyes and cheer when seeing a green button with "build passing" written on it then you are either a youthful computer gaming fan or a participant of the Summer School "Reproducible Research in (Landscape) Archaeology". Sixteen scientists from (landscape) archaeology and geography had the opportunity to take their first steps in reproducible research, thanks to the funding of the CRC1266 and the Exc264 Topoi. They were instructed by Prof. Ben Marwick (University of Washington), one of the leading figures and active practitioner of reproducible research in archaeology. Besides giving an inspiring keynote on "Extracting Sunbeams out of Cucumbers: Why Archaeology Isn't a Science, and How It Can Become One", Ben used live-coding and sticky note pedagogy to teach the basic principles. Of course, also questions relevant for the specific CRC projects did not fall short: Daniel Knitter and Wolfgang Hamer from the A2 project presented different interpolation techniques and point pattern methods that help to (a) integrate and (b) differentiate spatial and human-environmental processes as well as material aspects. 

To work reproducible means to employ open source software (e.g. R), to publish open access (e.g. at the editionTopoi), to publish your data (e.g. at Zenodo). However, there is more to consider. Working  and decision process needs to be documented. This is easily possible using tools for version control (e.g. git and github). Furthermore, you need to take care that your code or analyses leads to the same results regardless which computer you use (e.g. using services like travis) and that the results can still be reproduced even if the software is further developed (this is possible using virtual container as provided by docker software).

All of this and more learned the participants of the Summer School after a lot of building, rendering, knitting, pushing, pulling and committing...Sounds too nerdy? No worries, Ben Marwick and the participants created an R-package and detailed instructions for you to (a) make sense of the sentence above and, more importantly, (b) enable you to research reproducible:

https://github.com/benmarwick/rrtools.

Text and further information: Daniel Knitter
knitter@geographie.uni-kiel.de


July 24, 2017

Der SFB 1266 auf dem 9. Deutschen Archäologiekongress in Mainz

9. Deutscher Archäologie Kongress Mainz

Vom 3.-8. Juli richtete der West- und Süddeutschen Verband für Altertumsforschung e.V. (WSVA) in Mainz den 9. Deutsche Archäologiekongress aus. Der Deutsche Archäologiekongress ist die größte nationale Fachtagung für Forscherinnen und Forscher der ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Wissenschaften sowie aller verwandter Spezifikationen. Hier trafen sich Arbeitsgruppen mit unterschiedlichen inhaltlichen Schwerpunkten, um neue Ergebnisse vom Paläolithikum bis zur Neuzeit zu präsentieren und aktuelle Probleme und Perspektiven des Berufsfelds „Archäologie“ zu diskutieren. Am Tagungsprogramm zum Oberthema „Archäologie und Identität“ waren Mitarbeiter verschiedener Universitäten, Denkmalämter, Museen und Berufsverbände Deutschlands beteiligt. Veranstaltungsorte wie dem Rheinland-Pfälzischen Landesmuseum, dem Römisch-Germanische Zentralmuseum oder dem Institut für Altertumswissenschaften, Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie boten den Sitzungen der verschiedenen Arbeitsgruppen und Verbände eine eindrucksvolle und geschichtsträchtige Kulisse. Mit Museumsführungen, Empfängen und der Exkursion „Schatzreise“ zu besonderen Orten der Region gestaltete der WSVA ein attraktives Tagungsprogramm mit Raum für fachlichen Austausch auch jenseits disziplinärer Grenzen.

In drei Vorträgen stellten Forscher des SFB 1266 aktuelle Ergebnisse ihrer Teilprojekte dem Fachpublikum in verschiedenen Sitzungen vor. In der AG „Theorien in der Archäologie“ erläuterte Martin Furholt (C2, F5) in seinem Vortrag „Migration, Mobilität und die Struktur sozialer Gruppen im europäischen Neolithikum“ kulturanthropologische Interpretationsansätze in Theorie und Praxis bezüglich der übergreifenden Thematik „Frage Migration! – Erkenntnistheorien, Modelle, Paradigmen“. Die Plenarsitzung am Mittwoch beschäftigte sich mit verschiedenen Beiträgen zu „Archäologie und Identität“. Mit „Identität durch Monumentalität – oder – von der Gemeinschaft zum Individuum“ diskutierte Jan Piet Brozio (C1), inwiefern verschiedene Transformationsprozesse in neolithischen Gesellschaften in Norddeutschland mit veränderten ideologischen Konzepten von „Identität“ in Zusammenhang gebracht werden können. Laufende Forschungen des Teilprojektes F1 wurden im Rahmen der AG Neolithikum und AG Bronzezeit zum Thema „Go West – Kontakte zwischen Zentral- und Westeuropa“ präsentiert (weitere F1-Beitragende: Mara Weinelt, Ralph Schneider, Jutta Kneise). Martin Hinz legte in seinem Vortrag „2200 BC, 4.2 ky BP. Zusammenhang von kulturellen und klimatischen Wandel in der Bronzezeit im Südwesten der Iberischen Halbinsel?“  methodische Herausforderungen dar, welche mit Parallelisierungen klimatischer und archäologisch fassbarer Ereignisse einhergehen und stellte erste Ergebnisse aus Chronologie und Siedlungsgeschichte vor. Teilprojektkollege Julien Schirrmacher, der sich in seiner Dissertation auf die Erforschung der klimatischen Aspekte konzentriert, beleuchtete diese Thematik mit seinem Poster zu „Abrupt Climate Changes in the Western Mediterranean Associated with the 4.2 ky BP Aridification Event“ um aus anderer Perspektive.

Weitere Beiträge von SFB 1266 Mitgliedern kamen von Sprecher Johannes Müller, der in „Westwind? Zu den frühen mittel- und jungneolithischen Grabenwerken Mitteleuropas“ zentrale Ergebnisse des DFG-Schwerpunktprojektes 1400 „Frühe Monumentalität und soziale Differenzierung“ im Kontext aktueller Forschungen zusammenfasste, und Johanna Brinkmann (A1), die mit ihrem Poster zu „Arbeitsaufwandsberechnungen zu Bronzeartefakten – Diachroner Vergleich von Aufwand und Wert in Mitteleuropa“ das Thema ihrer mit dem Deutschen Studienpreis prämierten Masterarbeit vorstellte.

Am Infostand des SFB 1266 in den Arkaden des Landesmuseums Rheinland-Pfalz konnten sich von Dienstag bis Freitag interessierte Konferenzteilnehmer über das inhaltliche Konzept des SFB 1266 und die einzelnen Teilprojekte informieren.

Link zur Veranstaltung

PDF Veranstaltungsprogramm

PDF Abstracts

Pictures


July 7, 2017

German Study Award for Archaeology awarded to Johanna Brinkmann

Deutscher Studienpreis Meinz

Johanna Brinkmann, PhD candidate in CRC subproject A2, was awarded the German Study Award for Archaeology 2017 by the German Association for Pre- and Protohistory (DGUF).  The award was conferred for her master thesis on “workload calculation of bronzeage artefacts – a diachrone comparison of effort and value in Central Europe“. The ceremony took place on 5 July at the annual DFUF Meeting during the Germany Congress on Archaeology in Mainz.

In her thesis Ms Brinkmann calculates the workload for the production of bronzeage artefacts by taking into account every single step of the process from mining the ore to manufacturing the artefacts. She than indentified the average time spent on each operation thus determining the overall time needed. In her laudation Prof. Dr. Carola  Metzner-Nebelsick from Munich University praise the innovative approach of the study that would surely become „a major reference source“.

Ms Brinkmann did her Master’s degree in Prehistoric and Historic Archaeology at Kiel University. The thesis was supervised by Dr. Jutta Kneisel and Prof. Johannes Müller.

Further information in German here


June 29, 2017

CRC 1266 and “Inequality”: 6th Day of Research of the Collegium Philosophicum at Kiel University

Day of Research of the Collegium Philosophicum

The articulation of inequalities varies in different societies and at different times, but is often related to the unequal distribution of material resources, political and social participation, processes of inclusion, exclusion and social recognition. These differences cause conferential issues in the discourses in politics, economies, science and art.”

Inequality in different social formations at different chronological states, linked to the unequal distribution of resources as well as political and social participation – the topic of this year’s Day of Research at the Collegium Philosophicum at Kiel University is also a central issue of the CRC 1266. From our perspective, the emergence and development of social inequalities are closely connected to time and space. Economic and technological innovations accompanied crucial turning points in the history of human civilization, such as the Neolithization, the invention of metallurgy or the institutionalization of political power. Inequalities are not only seen as a consequence of transformation processes, but also as their triggers. In this respect, “inequalities” have a multifaceted meaning in CRC 1266 research. It examines the development of equality and inequality of past human societies in its environmental context by taking a holistic perspective.

Besides the content-related issue, as a collaborative institution the CRC 1266 combines specialists from different fields of research, such as humanities, natural and life sciences as well as technologies. Thus, the CRC 1266 itself represents a working environment that benefits from “inequalities” of different research traditions.

This year, organized by the Societas Ethologica et Sociologica, the Day of Research of the Collegium Philosophicum takes place at July 5th in the Audimax at Kiel University. The lecture series starts at 2 p.m. and offers a wide array of contributions from scientists of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities dedicated to the topic “inequalities”. The CRC 1266 participates in the poster exhibition in the foyer, which is open until Thursday, July 6th, 5 p.m.

Program PDF


June 23, 2017

Report: Lunchtime Seminar Interlinking Group „Human-Environmental-Interaction“

Human-Environmental-Interaction

At the sixth Lunchtime Seminar the Interlinking Group Human-Environmental Interaction presented their topics. One of the speakers of the group, Ingmar Unkel (E1), opened the session with a talk on „Consilience: Putting Human-Environmental-Interaction Research into Action“  dealing with the nature of interdisciplinary research collaboration. In the interlinking group, scientists from palaeo-climatology, palaeo-ecology, classical and pre- and protohistory work together on questions dealing with human perception and human action in the context of climate and landscape changes. In order to successfully communicate among the disciplines technical teminologies have to be translated and research traditions to be questioned.

In the Interlinking Group, the problem of subject specific language became obvious in the different ways of interpreting climate change related human environmental interaction. Unkel pointed out that especially these multidisciplinary discussions within the CRC offer a great potential for innovative research. The talks to follow illustrated these Discussion from theoretic, conceptuel and practical perpectives.

Danel Groß (B2) explained the theory of niche construction. Niche construction is the process by which an organism alters its own (or another species) environment. The propagation of dairy farming for example came along with the human gene mutation that lead to lactose tolerance. Another example is the niche construction of hunter-gatherer societies who by their sustenance modified the dynamics in nature and at the same time triggered the creation of ecological niches in flora and fauna.

In their lectures on resilience and vulnerability, Thomas Birndorfer and Joana Seguin, both from E1, talked about two concepts which are crucial factors in the dynamics of socio-ecological systems. Birndorfer explained the model of Adaptive Circles which describe the different phases of resilience as strategy of adaptation and survival. Based on the model he tried to assign the beginning, the climax, the decay and eventually the transition from the Mycenaean Empire to the Dark Ages  to the different phases of the cycle.

Joana Seguin discussed the concept of vulnerability as complementary model to resilience and adaptation of socio-ecological systems. She pointed out that 'vulnerability' is more than just the sensitivity of a system in respect of certain factors like extreme climate events. As to the analysis of transformation processes she made a difference between stable, adapting, and collapsing systems and gave several research parameter of the sub project E1 as parameters.

Finally the presentations of Ulrich Schmölke (B2) and Walter Dörfler (F2)  showed case studies on niche construction and the application of the model of Adaptive Circles. Schmölcke illustrated the concept of niche construction with the example of animal husbandry: in domesticated live stocks the laws of evolution like natural selection are often set aside or reversed. Intentional breeding and fostering of

Walter Dörfler illustrated the relation between data from vegetation history and changes in burial culture in the neolithic showing the connection between climate events and socio-cultural transformations. Proxies from local and supra-regional ecological archives can indicate changes which can be interpreted as exogenous environmental factors (e.g. temperature changes) but  as well as reflection of human action (e.g. pollen profiles).

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly “Lunchtime Seminars” are in this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topics. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.

(Graphic: C. Reckweg)

Link to the event


June 22, 2017

Lunchtime Seminar: “Quantification and Comparison“    

Quantification and Comparison

The sixth date of the Lunchtime Seminar is dedicated to the interlinking topic “Quantification and Comparison”. One of the main challenges of the CRC 1266 is the interdisciplinary project and cross-project research firm going on in all collaborative parcels, such as the four foci and the interlinking groups. Bringing together results from different fields require data comparability data as well as quantitative translations of information to make them suitable for further analytical methods. These central tasks are issue of the CRC 1266 Interlinking Group “Quantification and Comparison”, which will present their ongoing research at the next Lunchtime Seminar. Oliver Nakoinz and Thomas Meier will introduce the complex subject. Afterwards, short talks from different group members will deal with specific case studies: Martin Hinz (F1) “Quantifying Archaeological Data“, Ingo Feeser (F2) “Modelling Environment“, Marianne Talma (D2) „Terminological Considerations on Quantification“, Yannic Kropp (Z2) „Data-Management and Quantification“, Wolfgang Hamer (A2) “Regionalization”, Daniel Knitter (A2) “Spatial Analyses and ABM”, John Meadows (G1) “Modelling Temporal Data”, Thomas Meier (G1) “Time Series in Geophysics” and Bernd Thalheim (Z2) “Inferencing”. After each 5-minute talk there will be time for the discussion in the plenum.

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly “Lunchtime Seminars” are in this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topics. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.

Link to the event


June 15, 2017

CRC 1266 subproject Z2 at the Digital Humanities Workshop at Kiel University, June 16th

On Friday, June 16th, scientist from Kiel University meet to present and discuss current issues on “Digital Humanities”. The workshop is created to offer a forum to exchange and network within interested parties among different fields of research. Yannic Kropp and Andrea Kittler from subproject Z2 present the concept of the CRC 1266 data management, scheduled for 12:45.

The workshop takes place at Leibnizstr. 1, room 106.

PDF Invitation and program


June 15, 2017

Report: Lunchtime Seminar „Mobility and Interaction“

Mobility and Interaction

The fifth Lunchtime Seminar on June 14 was dedicated to the interlinking topic “Mobility and Interaction“. The lecture “The Renaissance of Migration in Prehistoric Archaeology – Integrating Molecular Biology, Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology?” by Martin Furholt (C2, F1) dealt with the integration of migration questions and their relevance  in prehistory research.

He looked at concepts of mobility in research history and discussed mobility as a manifold variable exceeding interpretations in terms of subsistence, migration, and population development. What is the social reality of migration and on which level does it take place? What does migration mean for societies and their social structure and how can this be identified in archaeological and bioarchaeological findings? In order to further work on these questions it takes top-down as well as case study oriented bottom-up approaches illustrated by Furholt with several examples

Following these mostly theoretical remarks Ben Krause-Kyora talked about “Disease, Mobility and Interaction - New Aspects from an 5000 Year Old Community“ introducing new findings in population genetics and the research on infectous diseases drawn from the analysis of human remains in the late-neolithic galery grave of Niedertiefenbach (Wartberg-group).

Krause-Kyora presented biological evidence for health status and population development of the bodies found there thus integrating the natural scientist’s view on prehistoric mobility and human interaction.  His lecture was an add-on to Furholts theoretical reflections providing approaches for interpretation and emphasizing the relevance of bioarchaeological findings in current and future research discourse.

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly “Lunchtime Seminars” are in this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topics. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.

(Photos: Ben Krause-Kyora/Sarah Jagiolla)

Link to the event


June 12, 2017

Archaeological Colloquium - Aleksandar Medović, Novi Sad, zu archäobotanischen Untersuchungen im südlichen Karpatenbecken
 

At the next Archaeological Colloquium, Monday 19th June, Aleksandar Medović will give a lecture about his research on plant economy and corps production in the border region of the Late Neolithic Theiß and Vinca Culture in the southern Carpathian Basin. The lecture starts at 6.30 p.m. and will be held in German.

Abstract (pdf)


June 11, 2017

CRC 1266 researchers at the ICLEA Final Symposium 2017

ICLEA Symposium

 

From 7 to 9 June 2017, the Virtual Institute of Integrated Climate and Landscape Evolution Analyses (ICLEA) welcomed researchers who work on Earth Sciences themes and topics to Potsdam. The symposia aimed to bring together new results on Holocene landscape evolution from the Northern German and Polish lowlands involving issues on climate, human and environmental impacts. As these topics are of major concern for the CRC 1266 and especially the subproject F2, members Walter Dörfler, Ingo Feeser, Stefan Dreibrodt and Hans-Rudolf Bork attended the symposium an presented presented posters titled “Disentangling paleolimnological processes by microfacies analysis of synchronously deposited annually lake sediments in northern central Europe”, “Sediment transfer in German lowland lake catchments - Erosion on the slopes and input into annually laminated lake sediments” and “Climate or men? Identifying drivers of multidecadal to centennial palaeolimnological processes during the Neolithic in Northern Germany”. Furthermore, the symposia was a good occasion to network among colleagues from different institutions

Link to ICLEA website: www.iclea.de


June 8, 2017

The CRC 1266 at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Working Group Geologists from Northern Germany

Sascha Krüger Marco Zanon listening a presentation

 

On June 7th it was lecture day at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Working Group Geologists from Northern Germany, which was held in Rendsburg. The meeting was well attended. Sonja Grimm (B1) Sascha Krüger (B1) and Marco Zanon (F2) were invited to complement to archaeological branch by Kay Krienke (LLUR). The CRC 1266 was present with a podium and three poster presentations, which in addition emphasised the work of subproject B2 and other contributions of the PIs Hans-Rudolf Bork (D1, F2) Walter Dörfler (F2) and Thomas Meier (G1). The participant were very much interested in the CRC work and provided valuable information regarding the different projects. The outcome of the meeting has shown communication and exchange among specialists in geology who work in the research area, is beneficial and should be pursued in the future.

Picture: Sascha Krüger (B1) and Marco Zanon (F2) listening a presentation at the meeting (Photo: Sonja Grimm)


June 7, 2017

Report Lunchtime Seminar: Interlinking Group „Social Organisation and Built Space“

Drawing of house 44 from the mega-site Maidanetske

 

At the fourth Lunchtime Seminar the interlinking group “Social Organisation and Built Space“ introduced their research to the CRC members. In order to define the notion of the words “space“ and “built space“ PI Annette Haug dicussed theoretical concepts and nomenclatures. The perception of built space, be it from the researcher’s or the protagonist’s point of view is essential for its interpretaion, says Haug.

With the help of archaeological case studies Martin Furholt illustrated the application of sociological spatial concepts referring to the duality of “built space“ which is the reflexion of social organisation and at the same time a place for social interaction. Changes in settlement, house and space structures can be connected to social transformations.

In order to approach the topic from a diachrone perspective projects with different spatiotemporal foci teamed up within the interlinking group. In their lecture “Appropriation of Space & Behavior“ Asja Müller (E3) and Nils Müller-Scheeßel (C2) compared the neolithic settlement Vráble and the hellenistic settlement Priene with respect to their architectonic structures.

Robert Hofmann from D1 focussed on “shared spaces“ discussing house and settlement patterns of linear pottery culture and Tripolye-Cucuteni mega sites as places of human encounters and communication. Together with Torben Kessler (E1) and examples from Greece from the first millennium b.c. Hofmann talked about the meaning of social space, territoriality and socio-economic integration from a regional perspective titled “Regional Spatial Patterns“.

In the finanal presentation “Visual Concepts of House Representation“ Ludmyla Shatilo from D1 together with Fanny Opdenhoff from E3 talked about house models of the chalcolithic Tripolye-Cucuteni culture and visual representations of buildings from the Mediterranean in the 9th - 3rd century b.c. Ideological concepts as well as spatial and temporal distribution patterns of these models of built space might be interpreted as indicators for social processes with respect to transformation processes.

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly “Lunchtime Seminars” are in this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topics. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.

Drawing of house 44 from the mega-site Maidanetske (Graphic: R. Hofmann/R. Ohlrau/K. Winter)

Link to the event


June 7, 2017

Archaeological Colloquium – Prof. Dr. Svend Hansen, DAI Berlin: Neue Feldforschungen zum Neolithikum in Georgien

 

On June 12th Prof. Dr. Svend Hansen, head of the Eurasian Department of the German Archaeological Institute Berlin, is the guest lecturer at the Archaeological Colloquium. In his talk, he will present insights in the long-term investigations of the Neolithic settlement site Aruchlo in the Southern Caucasus, Georgia. The results bring new food for thoughts in the ongoing research on settlement strategies of the Shulaveris-Shomutepe culture. The lecture starts at 6.30 p.m. and will be held in German.

Abstract (pdf)


June 6, 2017

Biweekly Colloquium: Paul Halstead talks about coping with crises in Mediterranean subsistence strategies.

 

At the upcoming Biweekly Colloquia we are welcoming Paul Halstead talking about “Coping with Crisis and Risk in the Recent and Ancient Mediterranean. Surplus Grain, Livestock and Cuisine”. The lecture addresses coping and adoption strategies in agricultural and husbandry practices applied by ancient as well as recent Mediterranean farmers. It includes risks and challenges of crop production and livestock management as well as matters of economic resilience, also referring to the social dimension of the undertaken measures. From the CRC 1266’s perspective, this Biweekly topic has a key role in ongoing discussions, especially in the scope of the discourses of the Interlinking Group “Economies: Transformation and Stability”.

Halstead holds a professorship in Archaeology (Environmental Archaeology and Palaeoecology) at the University of Sheffield. In his research, he is focussing on Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece and is particularly interested in farming economies and social change.

The Biweekly Colloquia takes place on Monday, 12th June, 4.15-5.45 p.m. at the Leibnizstr. 1, room 204.

Abstract (pdf)


May 30, 2017

Lunchtime Seminar: Interlinking Group „Social Organisation and Built Space“

 

On the fourth date of the CRC Lunchtime Seminar, May 31st, the Interlinking Group “Social Organisation and Built Space” will give insight into ongoing research topics. Followed by an introduction held by the PIs Annette Haug and Martin Furholt, several short presentations will deal with social components of change as well as the perception and development of space concepts related to transformation processes. Titles of the presentations are “Appropriation of Space and Architecture Structuring Behaviour“, „Shared spaces“, „Regional Social Patterns“ and „Visual Concept of Houses“, given by the Interlinking Group members Asja Müller, Robert Hofmann, Nils Müller-Scheeßel, Torben Kessler, Clara Drummer and Liudmyla Shatilo.

Drawing of house 44 from the mega-site Maidanetske (Graphic: R. Hofmann/R. Ohlrau/K. Winter)

Link to the event


May 29, 2017

Archaeological Colloquium – Dr. Lutz Klassen, Mobilität und Ritus: ein Beispiel aus der Kultur mit Grübchenkeramik Jütlands (3000-2500 v.u.Z).

 

On May 29th, 6.30 pm, Dr. Lutz Klassen from Randers gives a guest lectrue about the collusion of different cultural complexes in Sweden and Denmark around 3000 BCE: sedentary hunter-fisher societies of the Pitted Ware Culture and the fully developed societies of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture. Klassen will talk about ritual processes connected to mobility and interaction and how these can be detected by strontium and lead isotopes analyses applied for the key site Kainsbakke. The lecture will be held in German.

Abstract (pdf)


May 24, 2017

The Bell Beaker research community gathered in Kiel

The Bell Beaker research in Kiel

 

From May 17-21, the Graduate School 'Human Development in Landscapes' and the Collaborative Research Centre 1266 'Scales of Transformation' at Kiel University jointly organised this year's Archéologie et Gobelets workshop. In 5 days, 33 presentations, 2 excursions and several social events took place centred on a single topic, "Think Global, Act Local! The Transformations of Spatial Interaction and Material Culture in Beaker Contexts of the 3rd millennium BC in Europe".

This topic was approached from various disciplinary angles and interdisciplinary perspectives, ranging between the ground-breaking study of ancient DNA in the Bell Beaker Phenomenon from different scales and perspectives, the statistical analyses of Bell Beaker pottery decorations, the spatial patterning of Bell Beaker burial monuments in the landscape and Bell Beaker settlement practices and subsistence strategies. Contributions focused on all areas of Europe, from the Portuguese Algarve to the Danish Middle-Jutland to the Irish Boyne Valley and the Slovenian marshes.

Feeling very fortunate with the nice spring weather, the participants visited the Steinzeitdorf of Dithmarschen in Albersdorf and the surrounding landscape of Stone Age megaliths and barrows on Saturday. On Sunday the Landesmuseum Schloss Gottorf in Schleswig was visited, where the prehistoric collections led to various inspired discussions.

Archéologie et Gobelets was founded in Geneva in 1996. The association’s aims are to spread knowledge about the Bell Beaker Phenomenon and to exchange information about the respective period, which ranges from the Late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age across Europe.


May 19, 2017

Report Lunchtime Seminar: Interlinking Group „Economies: Stability and Transformation“    

Graphic “transECONOMIES”

 

On the third date of the Lunchtime Seminar, May 17th, the Interlinking Group “Economies: Stability and Transformation” presented their ongoing research. In the scope of “transECONOMIES”, Johannes Müller emphasised the economic sphere as a major topic within the CRC. In the course of 15.000 years, the complexity of economic strategies increased, tangible through the developments from mobile lifeways to domestic and urban systems. To disentangle related transformation processes in archaeological and palaeo-ecological records, the Interlinking Group agreed to focus on four economic concepts: surplus production, division of labour and specialisation, property and exchange. In his considerations, Konrad Ott gave food for thoughts on these concepts going beyond the homo oeconomicus model and provided the plenum a theoretical framework for the following case studies. The subprojects B2, C1, C2, D1, D2, D3, F1 and F3 offered a broad range of exemplary studies from a diachronic and economic perspective and in which way their material allow interpretations in terms of selected indicators. This lead to different observations, e.g. made on storage facilities, workplaces or distribution patterns of materials and goods on local as well as supra-regional scales. In summary, the presentations on the one hand highlighted the diversity of economic systems and related transformation processes. On the other hand, the strong relation to the human itself was questioned and clarified in all of the case studies: self-efficiency, the practice of sharing or the establishment of legislative and other hierarchical structures all pointed to changes in the nature of human skills and social habits.

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly lectures “Lunchtime Seminar” are this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topic’s. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.


May 18, 2017

The third diet revolution – From agricultural beginnings to diversification in the Late Bronze Age    

The third diet revolution

 

This was the title of a talk by CRC co-speaker Prof. Wiebke Kirleis held as part of the Colloquium Praehistoricum at the Institute of Archaeological Sciences at the Goethe-University in Frankfurt on the Main on 9 May, 2017. The Colloquium Praehistoricum is a weekly lecture series at the department of Pre- and Protohistory where external scientists talk about their research. 

Overview talks


May 12, 2017

„Think Global, Act Local!“ Workshop der „Archèologie et Gobelets” in Kiel, May 17-19 2017    

„Think Global, Act Local!“ Workshop

 

Between 17th and 21st of May 2017 the CRC-1266 „Scales of Transformation” and Graduate School „Human Development in Landscapes” are hosting the workshop Archéologie et Gobelets in Kiel. The association „Archéologie et Gobelets” is traditionally dedicated to the exploration of the Bell Beaker phenomena. Together with Corded Ware phenomena, the occurrence of Bell Beaker contexts played a major role in the transregional distribution of material culture as well as social and economic innovations during the 3rd mil BCE in Europe. According to the motto „Think Global, Act Local! The Transformation of Spatial Interaction and Material Culture in Beaker Contexts of the 3rd Millenium BC in Europe“, the conference aims to providing a forum to analyse and discuss local and global appearances of the Bell Beaker phenomenon by considering central issues such as migration and interaction patterns. With over 70 participants and 34 presentations, the workshops promises a good opportunity for exchanging actual research on Bell Beaker societies among interested scientists.

More information and programme Link to the event


May 12, 2017

Lunchtime Seminar: Interlinking Group „Economies: Stability and Transformation”    
 

At the 3rd meeting of the Lunchtime Seminars, Interlinking Group PIs Johannes Müller and Konrad Ott will give an introduction into the topic “Economies: Stability and Transformation”. The lecture will also consist of small presentations on the different fields of the CRC 1266, in which economy and related transformation processes can be observed.

Picture: UFG Kiel, J.Müller/K. Winter


May 10, 2017

Transformation Beginns!
Introductory Workshop for CRC PhD candidates

PhD candidates in Schleswig

 

On 6 and 7 May the first PhD Workshop took place at the State Museums Schloss Gottorf in Schleswig. For two days, the PhD candidates presented their projects to their peers and the supervisor community getting useful clues but some critical remarks as well.

In total, lots of new input for the audience as the PhD projects cover the variety of the CRC research, ranging from geosciences, computer science and philosophy to classical archaeology and pre- and protohistory. Still these different topics  revealed many unexpected  aspects for further collaboration.

In contrast to the day’s theory the evening was dedicated to the hand-on business of the museum workshops where finds are preserved, restored and prepared for the exhibitions. The staff took their time and spared no effort offer exciting insights into the treatment of metal, ceramics, leather and wood.

Later on, a glas of beer at the local brewery promoted the more informal aspects of networking until the next day the scientific exchange continued.

Two days away from the daily routine, looking at the big picture, networking and socialising: “A successful event that motivated me once more to intensively work on my project“ as one participant mentioned. 

Photos


May 8, 2017

Report Lunchtime Seminar: Interlinking Group „Material Culture”

Material CultureMaterial Culture

 

 

 

 

 

In order to further the interdisciplinary and cross-project discourse within the CRC, the biweekly lectures “Lunchtime Seminar” are this term dedicated to the Interlinking Group topic’s. Here, the groups present ongoing research and provide food for discussion in the plenum.

On the second date, May 3rd, Jutta Kneisel (F1, D3) and Berit Eriksen (B1, F5) introduced their Interlinking Group topic “Material Culture” to the CRC. Focussing on the different types of material culture, which are sometimes very specific for a certain period, they showed the interpretative limits given to the archaeologists in terms of reconstructing human activity. The presented case studies reached from Palaeolithic flint artefacts to Bronze Age food crusts remains in vessels and the transformation of the teapot and tee ceremonies during the last 500 years. Additionally, Dragana Filipovic (F3), Daniel Groß (B2) and Stefanie Schaefer (D3) discussed material culture in respect to agricultural strategies, the transformational stages of antler artefacts as well as the cultural biography of things.

Picture on the left: J. Kneisel


April 25, 2017

When millet appeared on the menu of humans: Press release on a Nature Scientific Reports publication

Millet

In context to the Nature Scientific Reports publication “First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels” (Heron et al. 2016), SFB 1266 co-speaker Wiebke Kirleis and researcher Jutta Kneisel talked about the results molecular analyses of broomcorn millet residues and it’s meaning in the Bronze Age in Middle Europe. The article emerged from a collaboration with Carl Heron, who specialises in Bioarchaeology (head of the Department of Archaeological Science, The British Museum, London) and an international team of scientists from Poland, Britain, Japan, South Korea, the United States of America, and Germany.

For the CRC these results are particularly interesting with regard to changing dietary strategies during the Bronze Age.

Heron identified specific molecular markers for broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in food crusts remains on ceramics found at the settlement site Bruszczewo in Poland. This proves, that millet was already a human foodstuff of the Late Bronze Age and supplemented the increasing diversification taking place during that period in Middle Europe. Transformation processes of dietary strategies and their social dimensions from a diachronic perspective are central issues of the CRC 1266, especially of subproject F3.

Contributing CRC 1266 authors are Johannes Müller, (A1, C1, D1, F5, Z1), Wiebke Kirleis (F3, Z1) and Jutta Kneisel (D3).

Heron, C., Shoda, S., Breu Barcons, A., Czebreszuk, J., Eley, Y., Gorton, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Lucquin, A., Müller, J., Nishida, Y., Son, J., Craig, O.E., First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels. Nature Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 38767 (2016) doi:10.1038/srep38767.

Link press release


April 25, 2017

CRC 1266 at the SHUG annual meeting: Keynote lecture by Speaker Johannes Müller
 

On April 22nd, speaker Johannes Müller was invited to give a lecture at the annual meeting of the Schleswig-Holsteinische Universitätsgesellschaft (SHUG). With his talk about new proto-urban Mega-Sites dating around 3700 BCE, he presented actual CRC 1266 research going on in southweast Europe (subproject D1). Founded in 1918, the SHUG seeks to build a bridge between the university and the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Within numerous events, it provides insights into different fields of research and furthers knowledge transfer.

Click here for the press release (in German) 

SHUG


April 24, 2017

“Across Doggerland” – Cluster B researchers at the annual meeting of the Hugo Obermaier Association

Doggerland, this is the term for the landmass which one connected the nowadays regions of the British Isles with the Netherlands, Denmark and North West Germany and is now overlaid by the Northern Sea. The presentations at the 59. Annual Meeting of the Hugo Obermaier Association, which took place in Aurich on 18-22 April (http://www.obermaier-gesellschaft.de/tagungen.html), focused on this special area. The annual meeting is one of the major events in the calendars of Central and Western European researchers investigating the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods.

Therefore, members of cluster B-projects “Pioneers of the North” as well as “Transitions of Specialized Foragers” presented ongoing CRC 1266 research in the scope of the Doggerland area topic. They also took the opportunity to introduce the CRC and received positive feedback from the colleagues.

Constributing CRC 1266 members: Berit Valentin Eriksen (B1/F5), Sonja Grimm (B1), Daniel Groß (B2), Sascha Krüger (B1), Mara-Julia Weber (B1).


April 20, 2017

Lunchtime Seminar: “ArtefactTransformations” and fieldwork during February-April   

 

On the starting date, April 19th, CRC-speaker Johannes Müller gave food for thoughts concerning “Artefact Transformations”. With a presentation about artefacts being the smallest investigative unit and at the same time reflecting different kinds of concepts (typological, social, environmental), he highlighted the possibilities and challenges of artefacts in interpretative approaches. In order to put it into concrete terms, he specified his explanations by means of different archaeological case studies, followed up by an open discussion in the plenum. Afterwards, the CRC 1266 subprojects C2 (Nils Müller-Scheeßel), D1 (Robert Hofmann), D3 (Stefanie Schaefer) and G2 (Erica Corradini) gave insights into first results of their fieldwork in the Slovakia, Ukraine, and Germany conducted during February, March and April.


April 12, 2017

More than a thing: Jutta Kneisel at Harvard

 

Figural hybridity in ancient furnishings

On March 30 and 31 Jutta Kneisel took part as invited speaker in the seminar “More than a thing: Figural hybridity in ancient furnishings” at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. The workshop was dedicated to anthropo- and theriomorphism in Etruscian and Roman furniture and its relations to comparable phenomena in other ancient cultures. It was part of the Radcliffe Exploratory Seminars which support risk-taking inquiry into new ideas and research.

In her lecture “From hidden eyes to human torsos. Anthropomorphic vessels in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Europe” Jutta described changes of the burial ritual. With the beginning of the Urnfield Culture and the cremation of the dead, applications of faces appear on the urns. The urn becomes the body that again surrounds the dead person.


April 10, 2017

Subprojects B1 and B2 Annual meeting of the „AG Mesolithikum”

 

Sascha Krüger, Sönke Hartz, Sonja Grimm & Daniel Groß

This year, the annual meeting of the “AG Mesolithikum” took place at Wuppertal on 10-12 March. CRC 1266 researchers Sonja Grimm, Daniel Groß, Sönke Hartz and Sascha Krüger represented subprojects B1, “Pioneers of the North” as well as B2, “Transitions of Specialized Forages” on this occasion. With four oral presentations as well as a poster contribution the researchers presented their investigations and ongoing collaborations to the interested parties of the Late Glacial and Mesolithic specialists.

Picture: Sascha Krüger (B1), Sönke Hartz (B2/C1), Sonja Grimm (B1), Daniel Groß (B2)

 

April 07, 2017

CRC research assistant Marco Zanon at PAGES-Workshop in Shijiazhuan

 

Marco Zanon at PAGES-Workshop in Shijiazhuan

Marco Zanon, post doc in CRC sub project F2 was invited by PAGES (Past Global Changes) to take part as a lecturer in a workshop on land-cover and land-use reconstructions in Shijiazhuang, China, from March 6 to 11. The workshop focussed on the activities of the PAGES LandCover6k working group in Asia, the current research on past land use and the state-of-the-art of anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) modeling, both referring to Asia, too. It was supplemented by a corresponding training course on methods for land-cover and land-use reconstructions for young scientists working in Asia to which Marco contributed with a practical training session.

Details on the PAGES LandCover6k working group here

 

March 21, 2017

Transformation processes in the Neolithic Schleswig-Holstein: Conference „Von der Eiszeit bis in die Eisenzeit: Einblicke in die Urgeschichte Nordelbiens“

 

Conference

How was life north of the Elbe between the glacial and the migration period? Held from March 17th-19th at the Akademiezentrum Sankelmark in Oeversee the conference „Von der Eiszeit bis in die Eisenzeit: Einblicke in die Urgeschichte Nordelbiens“ was dedicated to the crucial periods in the history of mankind in Northern Germany. In his talk „Steinzeit zwischen den Meeren. Perspektiven und Ergebnisse aktueller Forschungen zur Jungsteinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein“ Jan Piet Brozio gave new insights into transformation processes in Neolithic times in Schleswig-Holstein. Brozio informed the audience about major issues of subproject C1: Neolithisation, monumentalisation of the landscape, changes in demography, settlement dynamics as well as ritual practices are here investigated as indicators for crucial alterations of socio-environmental interaction patterns during 4100-1800 BCE in the Northwestern European Plain..


March 7, 2017

International Open Workshop 2017
Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12,000 Years: The Creation of Landscapes V

 

International Open Workshop 2017

The 5th International Workshop of the Graduate School Human Development in Landscapes takes place in Kiel from 20 - 24 March, 2017. Scientists from humanities and natural sciences will discuss the interaction of physical and social landscapes and their impact on the development of societies. Additional keynote speakers invited by the CRC will contribute to the CRC related sessions.
Workshop website


February 28, 2017

5000 years before the construction of the “Oldenburger Wall”: Jan Piet Brozio informs about current research on Neolithic times in the “Oldenburger Graben”

 

Jan Piet Brozio and Torsten Ewers

Invited by the Foundation Oldenburger Wall e.V. archaeologist Dr. JPB (sub-project C1) talked about “Mesolithic and Neolithic transformations in the Northern European Plain” on February 23rd 2017 at the Wallmuseum in Oldenburg. An audience of around 80, among them Oldenburg Mayor Martin Voigt, listened closely to his talk on the significance of the “Oldenburger Graben” in the current research of the CRC 1266. 

Representing an area with an outstanding density of Stone Age findings mainly from the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods, the region has intensively been investigated during the last seven years. Extensive field work and analyses of paleo-ecological records mark the area as the best researched Neolithic region in Northern Germany. 

Picture: Jan Piet Brozio and Torsten Ewers, head of the foundation “Stiftung Oldenburger Wall e.V."


February 25, 2017

A2 and Z2 present their projects at the 6th Day of the Geodateninfrastruktur Schleswig-Holstein (GDI-SH)

 

Wolfgang Hamer, Yannic Kropp & Dr. Daniel Knitter

On February 23rd, the 6th Day of the Geodateninfrastruktur Schleswig-Holstein took place in Kiel. Issue of the event was the accessibility and utilisation possibilities of basic and specific geo data. Daniel Knitter and Wolfgang Hamer, both sub-project A2 “Integrative Modelling of Socio-Environmental Sysem Dynamics” and Yannic Kropp from sub-project Z2 “The Lanscape Archaeology Geoportal ‘LandMan” presented their research to the specialist audience.

Modelling as well as the management of scientific data of prehistoric socio-environmental transformation processes relies on the provision of high-resolution terrain and satellite data, content-related maps and information about archaeological heritages. The scientists thus emphasized the services of the GDI being an essential component for their CRC 1266 project research in the Schleswig-Holstein area.

Picture: A2 Z2 GDI, Wolfgang Hamer, Yannic Kropp, Dr. Daniel Knitter

Poster (in German): PDF


February 10, 2017

CRC 1266 Retreat on „Interlinking transformation!“

 

CRC 1266 Retreat on „Interlinking transformation!“From February 21-22, CRC 1266 members and invited speaker come together at the Akademiezentrum Sankelmark for a first “kick-off” event in the scope of the CRC retreats. At this retreat, the Interlinking Workgroups present and discuss project and cluster cross-cutting issues according to the interlinking concept of the CRC 1266. Talks of invited collaborating national and international scientist will bring furthering expertise and promise valuable impetus to the scientific discourse.

Link to the event: CRC 1266 Retreat: „Interlinking transformation!“    

Programm: PDF          Fotos

 


January 13, 2017

Beteiligung des SFB 1266 bei der Neukonzeptionierung der Dauerausstellung im Archäologischen Landesmuseum Schloss Gottorf

 

Masterplan „Gottorf 2015
Im Rahmen der Modernisierungen und des geplanten Anbaues am Ostflügel des Schloss Gottorf sieht der Masterplan „Gottorf 2025“ auch eine Neukonzeptionierung der archäologischen Dauerausstellung vor. Für die Abteilung der steinzeitlichen Epochen kooperiert das Archäologische Landesmuseum mit Forscherinnen und Forschern des SFB 1266. An wissenschaftlichen Inhalten und ihrer Präsentation sind die Teilprojekte B2, C1, F2 und F3 beteiligt.


Mehr zum Masterplan „Gottorf 2015“: www.masterplan-gottorf.de


 

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