CRC 1266 - Scales of Transformation

News


June 05, 2020

The CRC 1266 is prolonged for the 2nd Phase

Logo CRC1266

On May, 29th 2020 the German Research Foundation (DFG) announced the prolongation of the CRC 1266 "Scales of Transformation - Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies" for another four years, running from 2020-2024. 

The funding of the 2nd CRC 1266 phase is a great acknowledgement of the joint efforts of all CRC 1266 members, the cooperative spirit that carried us all the way through, and the sound scientific results gained so far. In the last four years, it was in particular the intensive cooperation with our national and foreign cooperation partners that gave the CRC wings. This can now be continued!

In particular our PhDs and Postdocs, who are one of the backbones of the CRC 1266, deserve utmost thanks for their enormous engagement. A combination of learning and research was important for them: In the end of the day they made their way in an interdisciplinary scientific environment, which at the beginning of their jobs was quite new for a majority of them. The mutual learning of the Principal Investigators from each other and with each other was also a key to success: In contrast to the atomisation that can sometimes be observed even in the scientific field, it was and is teamwork that led us to success.

We are very much looking forward to continuing our cooperation, are confident to consolidate our 1st phase results, and burn for reaching out to new scientific horizons. The 2nd phase of the CRC 1266 will focus on pattern recognition of prehistoric and archaic transformations and possible results are increasingly important with regard to the current global crisis.


April 09, 2020

CRC 1266 goes digital: Biweekly Colloquia and Lunchtime Seminars in virtual space

CRC1266 digital

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic many formats of the university and our daily life are moving towards the virtual space and same is the CRC 1266 doing.

The CRS 1266’s (co-)organized biweekly lecture series Lunchtime Seminars and the Biweekly Colloquia are now offered as a web conference format in Zoom open for all interested people.

For more information on the Biweekly Colloquia see here.
For more information on the Lunchtime Seminars see here.


April 09, 2020

German Congress of Archaeology 21-25.09.2020 in Kiel

DAK2020 in Kiel

This year's German Archaeology Congress (DAK) will take place from 21-25.09.2020 at the University of Kiel. Under the motto "Horizons", the Archaeological State Office of Schleswig-Holstein in Schleswig, the Institute of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology of the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, the Museum of Archaeology Gottorf Castle in Schleswig and the Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology invite archaeologists from Germany, Europe and all around the world to expand and create new horizonts.

Within the framework of the DAK2020, the session "SFB TransformationsDimensions in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies" will take place in the afternoon of Tuesday, September 22nd, where members of the SFB 1266 will present their research. The session is open to all who are interested and offers an insight into the activities and research results of the SFB 1266.

Registation is possible here.

Information about the DAK2020 - due to the unclear situation regarding the COVID-19 pandemic - can be found on the DAK2020 website.


April 09, 2020

EAA 2021 is coming to Kiel!

Kiel from above

The 27th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) will take place in Kiel from 8-11 September 2021. On 26 March 2020 the Memorandum of Understanding between the EAA and the JMA was signed in Prague by Felipe Criado-Boado, president of the EAA, and Johannes Müller, speaker of the Johanna Mestorf Academy (JMA) and CRC 1266.


March 08, 2020

POSTPONED TO AN UNKNOWN DATE!

International Workshop "Upheaval before the upheaval?" / "Umbruch vor dem Umbruch?"

International Workshop

In archaeology, upheavals represent phases of profound transformation that have preoccupied researchers for over a century in almost all (pre-)historical periods.

The CRC 1266 participates in the international workshop "Upheaval before the upheaval?" / "Umbruch vor dem Umbruch?" together with the Universities of Basel, Erlangen, Cologne and Bergen, as well as with the State Office for the Preservation of Historical Monuments in the Regional Council of Stuttgart.  The aim of the workshop is to investigate transformations in the late 4th and early 3rd millennium BCE within local groups and their global networks in the regions between the North Sea and the Alpine Space.

The workshop will take place at the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg. The more than 15 contributions will present new research results from different regions during chronological phases which are preceding the transition to the so-called Beaker phenomenon. A (preliminary) program in German is available here.

On the part of the CRC 1266, the subprojects C1 and D2 are chronologically and geographically connected to the topic of the workshop.

Due to the situation of the COVID-19 Pandemic the workshop needed to be postponed to a now unkown date!

Organization: Clara Drummer, Philipp Gleich, Renate Ebersbach, Daniela Hofmann, Doris Mischka, Silviane Scharl

Email: Workshop3000@gmx.de


February 24, 2020

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship for CRC 1266 researcher

Sampling at the excavation site

Jos Kleijne, who conducted his PhD research in Kiel as part of the Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes” (GSHDL) and additionally worked as a postdoc for the subproject C1 of the CRC 1266 on Neolithic transformations during the later 3rd millennium BC over the past year-and-a-half just received the wonderful news that his application for the Marie Skłodkowska-Curie Individual Fellowship (MSCA-IF) was granted!

He will be working for two years at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands with Hans Huisman and Daan Raemaekers on his project “MicroTRASH: Microscopic transformations in arable land and shell midden habitation in coastal northern Europe during the later 4th and 3rd millennium BC.” Within this project he will study the microscopic and chemical traces of past subsistence activities within a period characterised by large cultural and socio-economic transformations. His project will run for two years, probably from January 2021 onwards. We are sad to see him leave our institute but we are looking forward to a fruitful collaboration in the future.

Photo: Sampling at the excavation site "Riņņukalns" in Latvia. The excavation was organisd by the University of Riga and the ZBSA in Schleswig. (Copyright Liga Palma, 2018)


February 24, 2020

CRC 1266 member at ARTE and Terra X

Dr. Julia Katharina Koch on the show

In March 2020, the programme of the French-German television channel ARTE will focus on women. This includes the search for the female part in human history between neolithisation and urbanisation. This is explored in the documentary film „Geschlechterkonflikt – Frauenbilder der Geschichte“ (Gender Conflict - Images of Women in History), produced by Gebrüder Beetz Filmproduktion GmbH & Co. KG on behalf of ZDF/ARTE, first broadcast on 7 March 2020. For the main interview on the current state of Gender Archaeology, our senior researcher Julia K. Koch was asked to conduct the interview in spring 2019; the interview took place in July at the Archaeological Museum Hamburg.

Broadcast dates:

Geschlechterkonflikt – Frauenbilder der Geschichte
52 min. TV documentary on ARTE
07 March 2020 at 21:05

TERRA X: Mächtige Männer – Ohnmächtige Frauen? Neue Fakten aus der Vergangenheit
43 min. TV documentary on ZDF
21 June 2020 at 19:30


January 6, 2020

Workshop "Millet - and what else?" in Kiel

Millet Workshop

The international workshop “Millet and what else? The wider context of the adoption of millet cultivation in Europe” took place in Kiel from the 27-28th November. The workshop marked the closing of the ‘Millet Dating Programme’ and celebrated the large collaborative work of the European archaeobotanical community, while also providing a roadmap for future research and collaborations. Over 20 invited workshop participants – archaeobotanists, archaeological scientists, zooarchaeologists, ethnographers – talked about the dietary, economic and cultural context of the period in which the new crop, broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), was introduced in Europe from regions to the east. They presented new results of the application of the state-of-the-art methods (such as stable isotope and biomolecular analysis) that trace millet consumption and millet meals in archaeological deposits, and discussed the agronomic and technological aspects of millet cultivation.

Photo: Session during the workshop. (Photo: D. Filipovic)


January 6, 2020

Discourses on narratives and hard data: CRC 1266-Retreat

Retreat Rendsburg

A two-day retreat of the CRC 1266 in Rendsburg on 28-29 October 2019 took place in a productive atmosphere. The CRC 1266 community came together to summarize the results of the past months and to intensively discuss cross-connections between the subprojects in terms of content. The focus was on setting up new cross-sectional groups, discussing the new contexts and formulating scientific narratives. In the overall summaries, more concrete questions arose regarding the decisions of the transformation anatomy: new studies on settlement behaviour, new aspects of resilience to climatic and social changes and detailed studies on the aspect of "integrative architecture" were elaborated.


 

More articles in the archive

Geomagnetic surveys and surface inspections near Segeberg

Currently, first fieldwork in the area of a Bronze Age burial ground near Bornhöved is in progress.

Extensive geomagnetic prospection
Extensive geomagnetic prospection of the Bronze Age burial ground near Bornhöved (Photo: Stefanie Schaefer).

Current field researches of the project D3 are concerned with geomagnetic prospections and surface inspection in the near of the Bronze Age burial ground at Bornhöved. References to structures in soil have already been compared with data from previous investigations. Remains of grave mounds and other soil findings are distinguished by geomagnetic figures. Some surface finds also suggest that in this area there were not only burial activities, but also settlements. The surveys take place continuously this winter. Excavations are planned for spring.

Fieldwork in the area of Duvenseer Moor

With comprehensive sedimentological analyses and georadar measurements ongoing research of the Mesolithic in the Duvenseer Moor is continued.

Fieldwork in the area of Duvenseer Moor
Drilling cores from the westen part of the Duvenseer Moor provide comprehensive palaeoecological archives (Photo: Daniel Groß)..

In collaboration with project F2 and G2 first fieldwork took place in the Duvenseer Moor, which is the central study area of project B2 “Transitions of Specialized Foragers”. Combined drilling and georadar investigations focusing on the western part of the area will gain information about the former lake basin, the sedimentation process of the fen and aims at discovering new Mesolithic camp sites.

Fieldwork and excavation: Westlicher Oldenburger Graben

In summer 2016, the excavation of a Neolithic settlement site revealed organic preservation in the Oldenburger Ditch.

Activities Oldenburger Graben
Careful excavation of a 2 m long wooden artefact with revealed tool marks (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

In cooperation with projects F2, F3 und G2, he C1 project started with geophysical prospections, excavations and paleoecological researches on a Neolithic site with wetland preservation in the Western Oldenburger Ditch (Westlicher Oldenburger Graben) in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The landscape of the Oldenburger Ditch changed in time and was used and formed by settlements and burials from Mesolithic to Bronze Age time. The younger Neolithic site which was excavated is located on a peninsula in a former lagoon situation. Peat and organic silt preserved organic artefacts such as wood in the former coastal zone. Furthermore, other special findings are arrow shafts and parts of wooden constructions. On the peninsula, several postholes of houses and settlement pits were documented. Concentrations of flint artefacts refer to activity areas in the settlement tool production. The site is one of several Neolithic settlements on islands, peninsulas and the lagoon periphery of the prehistoric Oldenburger Ditch.

The local newspaper Kieler Nachrichten report on the fieldwork in the Western Oldenburg Ditch:

KN online article

http://www.kn-online.de/News/Aktuelle-Nachrichten-Schleswig-Holstein/Nachrichten-Schleswig-Holstein/Ausgrabungen-in-Oldenburg-Ein-langes-Stueck-Geschichte

Video with aerial view during the excavation process

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jK36kwdFEh8

Activities Oldenburger Graben Luftbild
The excavation area from bird's eye view. In the background you see the lake “Wesseker See“ and the bay “Hohwachter Bucht” of the Baltic sea (Photo: Kieler Nachrichten).

Activities Oldenburger Graben Messung
In order to select the specific study area, methods of geophysical prospection were applied before the excavation started (Photo: Jan Piet Brozio).

Linear pottery settlement archaeology in southwestern Slovakia

Extensive excavation and fieldwork deliver first results of early sedentism and settlement dynamiks in the Carpathian Basin..

Activities settlement southwestern Slovakia
Vráble 'Vel'ké Lehemby'. Excavation trenches of 2016 from a height of roughly 60 m. The features of planum 1 are marked in red (Picture: Martin Furholt).

This year's excavation campaign of project C2 lasted from the 1st of August to the 29th of September and took place in one of the house groupings within the eastern Early Neolithic settlements of Vráble 'Vel'ké Lehemby'. In four trenches an area of roughly 2300 sqm containing four houses was uncovered. Apart from the typical long pits flanking the houses numerous postholes as well as a couple of bee-hive shaped storage pits were discovered. The most spectacular find consisted of a human skeleton (male, 20+) which was deposited at the border of one of the long pits and which lower legs and feet had been removed, probably in the course of the recutting of the pit.


Activities Siedlung Suedwestslowakei Skelett
Vráble 'Vel'ké Lehemby', trench 14. Human skeleton, the lower legs and feet are disturbed. The right arm is placed behind the spine (Photo: Martin Furholt).

Excavation and collection of botanical macro remains in Hungary

International project collaboration of the CRC in the course of the investigation of a Middle Bronze Age settlement (Vatya Culture).

Activities Ungarn
Work begins in Trench 2 in 2016. Features in the southern part of the house are being excavated, the excavated soil is being sieved in the background to ensure the best possible artefact recovery, and photographs of special finds are being taken (Photo: N. Taylor)..

The excavations of a Middle Bronze Age Vatya Culture house (1913 – 1527 cal. BCE) at Kakucs-Turján, Hungary were completed in early September 2016. The botanical samples from the site will be analysed in the frame of a PhD thesis by Sonja Filatova as part of the CRC sub-project F3. Some carbonised plant macro-remains have been sent for radiocarbon dating already, in order to refine the chronology of the site. The excavations are planned to continue in Summer 2017, as part of the on-going co-operation with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Adam Mickiewicz University Poznań.

Recently published: Interdisciplinary research on a gallery grave of the Late Neolithic Wartberg (3350-2900 calBC)

Galeriegrab der spätneolithischen Wartberggruppe
Cribra orbitalia, symptoms of increased blood production (haematopoiesis) in the orbital roof of a 3-4 year old child buried in the gallery grave of Niedertiefenbach (Photo: S. Jagiolla).

An interdisciplinary pilot study conducted by scientists from the CAU Kiel, University of Zurich and the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen focused on precise 14C dating of the gallery grave as well as palaeopathological, dental and pathogenic evidence of diseases. Members of the CRC sub-projects D2 and F4 are involved in this study, which has recently been published in the Prähistorische Zeitschrift (in German, with English summary).

Founded by the Graduate School „Human Development in Landscapes“ in the scope of a pilot study for the CRC 1266, the research approach combined established archaeological and palaeopathological methods with new diagnostic tools, such as the application of a CAD/CAM-system measuring dental attrition and the analysis of aDNA using high-frequency sequencing. The project collaboration involved scientists from the Institute for Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, the Institute for Clinical Molecular Biology, the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Parodontology of the CAU Kiel as well as the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen. Contributing CRC members are C. Rinne (D2), B. Krause-Kyora and A. Nebel (both F4).

Rinne, C., Fuchs, K., Muhlack, J., Dörfer, C., Mehl, A., Nutusua, M., Krause-Kyora, B. 2016. Niedertiefenbach. Ein Galeriegrab der spätneolithischen Wartberggruppe südwestlich von Niedertiefenbach (Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg, Hessen). Praehistorische Zeitschrift 91/2, pp. 284–316. ISSN (Online) 1613-0804, ISSN (Print) 0079-4848, DOI: www.degruyter.com

Fieldwork and excavation in the Ukraine: The Copper Age Mega-Site Maidanetske

The research collaboration of sub-project D1 sheds light on formation and decline processes of population agglomerations in Chalcolithic Cucuteni-Tripolye mega-sites. During August and September 2016, extensive fieldwork and excavation of the mega-site Maidanetske (ca. 3900–3600 BCE) took place in central Ukraine. 

Fieldwork and excavation of the mega-site MaidanetskeExcavation and documentation of the uncovered chalcolithic building structures in the mega-site Maidanetkse, Ukraine (photo: S. Jagiolla).

Geomagnetic prospections suggest ditch structures with superimposing by pits in the northern area of the settlement. A trench of 10 m length revealed a vertical stratigraphy composed of several features and containing material culture remains, which will help to clarify the chronological sequence of the structures and might contribute to establish an internal chronology of the site itself.

The excavation of and sample extraction from a so-called “mega-structure” (large building structures) was one highlight of the campaign. Due to their enormous dimensions as well as their central and separated positions along main traffic arteries, these structures indicate to have had special public functions. Further investigations and analyses of the collected sample archives are important aspects in the examination and evaluation of this and alike buildings.

Documented profiles and sampling of open spaces between the house ring structures and undeveloped inner settlement parcels provide sufficient material for palaeobotanical and geoarchaeological analyses. The results shall help to understand the purpose and utilization of open spaces and road-like structures in Cucuteni-Tripolye mega-sites.

Further geomagnetic prospection in the northern part of the area gained new information about a preceding settlement, constructed in similar spatial and structural patterns. Drilling surveys and sample collections in the surrounding wetlands now provide appropriate palynological archives to reconstruct prehistoric ecological conditions as well as the development of the mega-site and its impact on the natural environment.


Activities Oldenburger Graben LuftbildSampling of monoliths from a soil profile intercepting a house in trench 110, Maidanetske 2016 (photo: M. dal Corso).

New interdisciplinary research on Maidanetske – a key site oft the chalcolithic Trypillia Mega-site phenomena

In European prehistory, population agglomerations of more than 10,000 inhabitants per site are an infrequent phenomenon. The unexpected discovery of the Trypillia mega-sites excavated nearly 50 years ago by Soviet, Ukrainian and Moldavian archaeologists using a multidisciplinary approach, uncovered the remains of more than 2000 houses spread over 250 hectares. Since then, the sites stay in focus of archaeological research at the border if the North Pontic Forest Steppe zone ca. 4100-3400 BCE.

Geomagnetischen Prospektionsareale

Overview of the geomagnetic survey area (ca. 150 ha) of Maidanetske with a detailed view of the northern area (Müller et al. 2017, fig. 3).

One of the key mega-sites is Maidanetske in the Central Ukraine. In 2013, an interdisciplinary European team of researchers started new excavations at the site. The analyses provoked many  questions: why, how and under what environmental conditions did Trypillia mega-sites develop? How long did they last? Were social reasons responsible for the transformation processes triggering changes in residence and settlement habit? The new publication “Maidanetske 2013. New excavations at a Trypillia Mega-site” addresses these questions by describing and interpreting findings and material culture of the site. Contributing authors of the CRC 1266 are Johannes Müller, Robert Hofmann, Wiebke Kirleis, Stefan Dreibrodt and Marta Dal Corso (sub-projects D1, F2, F3).

These questions are also research issues of the CRC 1266 sub-project D1 “Population agglomerations at Tripolye-Cucuteni mega-sites”. Paleo-ecological, geophysical as well as chronological analyses of recent and future research activities involve sub-projects F2, F3, G1 and G2. In order to understand urbanisation and agglomeration processes, the scientific discourse of D1 closely relates to the sub-projects C2 and E2.

„Maidanetske 2013. New Excavations at a Trypillia Mega-site“ ist als 16. Band der Reihe „Studien in Ostmitteleuropa“ im Rudolf Habelt Verlag unter der ISBN 978-3-7749-4018-5 erschienen.

For pdf-view click on the cover:

Titel Maidanetske 2013

Müller J., Hofmann R., Kirleis W., Dreibrodt S., R. Ohlrau, Brandstätter L., Dal Corso M., Out W., Rassmann K., Burdo N., Videiko M. 2017. Maidanetske 2013. New Excavations at a Tryplilia Mega-site. Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa, Bd 16. Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn. ISBN 978-3-7749-4018-5. 

Photos PhD-Workshop 2017

PhD talks at the Johanna-Mestorf-Kolleg in Schloss Gottorf
PhD talks at the Johanna-Mestorf-Kolleg in Schloss Gottorf
Restorer Gabriele Zink explains restoration procedures of leather
At the Archaeological Central Workshop (AZW)
Dr. Joachim Schultze, AZW: Wood preservation techniques
Doctoral Students of the PhD Workshop 2017

New Publications

New Publications
Hirse groß
Cover Kakucs Turján
Kakucs Turján
image-20181119121946-1.png
Axe-fitting
Axe-fitting from Duvensee, W1
Think global, act local !
Culture in the Caucasus
Oldenburg_settlement
Oldenburg settlement
Lake Stymphalia
Lake Stymphalia
Gesichtsurnen
Gesichtsurnen
Atlasplants
Atlasplants
Bildschirmfoto 2019 06 27 um 10.24.22
4.2 ka Event
4.2 ka Event
Climate curve
Climate curve
Climate curve
Climate curve
Climate curve
Cover How´s Life
Cover How´s Life
Cremated human remains from Aarupgaard
Cremated human remains from Aarupgaard
Recent, charred tubers of tuber oat grass
Recent, charred tubers of tuber oat grass
Impressions of textiles on Bronze Age pottery from the site Bruszczewo, Poland
Two new articles about textiles and textile production coming soon in the proceedings “The Textile Revolution in Bronze Age Europe”
Plan of the excavation site of Schönhagen-Brodersby
Plan of the excavation site of Schönhagen-Brodersby
Radiocarbon datings of Altendorf
Transformation of social practice: The Altendorf grave as a place of memory
Dark Ages in the North?
Geomagnetic plan of the site of Monte da Contenda
An enclosure, settlement systems and climatic changes
Microscograph of a ceramic thin section
Starčevo ceramic technology: the first potters of the Middle Danube Basin
Cover „Megalithic monuments and social structures. Comparative studies on recent and Funnel Beaker societies“
Volume 5 of the CRC 1266-series STPAS has been published
Cover „Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies'“
Volume 6 of the CRC1266-series STPAS has been published
Cover photo STPAS#08 480px
Cover photo STPAS#08 220px
Stable carbon isotope composition of individual fatty acids in lipid residues of animal origin from Neolithic vessels of the Megalith tomb Wangels and domestic site Oldenburg
pol eco small
The early Neolithic site of Vráble
Map with relevant sites and the extent of the CTC and mentioned contemporaneous archaeological complexes
Map with relevant sites and the spatiotemportal extent of the CTC and mentioned contemporaneous archaeological complexes
STPAS#07 Ohlrau 2020

Retreat 2019

Retreat 2019
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EAA Bern

EAA Bern
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EAA Bern

EAA Bern
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EAA Bern

EAA Bern
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Retreat Rendsburg

Retreat Rendsburg
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Kiel form above

Kiel form above
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DAK2020 Horizonte

DAK2020 Horizonte
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Logo CRC1266 pixel

Logo CRC1266 pixel
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